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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 8
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 3105–3123, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-3105-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean - NEMO

Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 3105–3123, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-3105-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Development and technical paper 22 Aug 2017

Development and technical paper | 22 Aug 2017

Sea-ice evaluation of NEMO-Nordic 1.0: a NEMO–LIM3.6-based ocean–sea-ice model setup for the North Sea and Baltic Sea

Per Pemberton et al.

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Alenius, P., Nekrasov, A., and Myrberg, K.: Variability of the baroclinic Rossby radius in the Gulf of Finland, Cont. Shelf Res., 23, 563–573, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(03)00004-9, 2003.
Beckmann, A. and Döscher, R.: A Method for Improved Representation of Dense Water Spreading over Topography in Geopotential-Coordinate Models, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 581–591, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1997)027<0581:AMFIRO>2.0.CO;2, 1997.
Berg, P., Döscher, R., and Koenigk, T.: Impacts of using spectral nudging on regional climate model RCA4 simulations of the Arctic, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 849–859, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-849-2013, 2013.
Bitz, C. M., Holland, M. M., Weaver, A. J., and Eby, M.: Simulating the ice-thickness distribution in a coupled climate model, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 106, 2441–2463, https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JC000113, 2001.
Bouillon, S., Maqueda, M. A. M., Legat, V., and Fichefet, T.: An elastic–viscous–plastic sea ice model formulated on Arakawa B and C grids, Ocean Model., 27, 174–184, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.01.004, 2009.
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Short summary
The Baltic Sea is seasonally ice covered with intense wintertime ship traffic and a sensitive ecosystem. Understanding the sea-ice pack is important for climate effect studies and forecasting. A NEMO-LIM3.6-based model setup for the North Sea/Baltic Sea is introduced, including a method for ice in the coastal zone. We evaluate different sea-ice parameters and overall find that the model agrees well with the observation though deformed ice is more challenging to capture.
The Baltic Sea is seasonally ice covered with intense wintertime ship traffic and a sensitive...
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