Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4943–4958, 2020
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4943–4958, 2020

Model description paper 16 Oct 2020

Model description paper | 16 Oct 2020

The Ensemble Framework For Flash Flood Forecasting (EF5) v1.2: description and case study

Zachary L. Flamig et al.

Related authors

A multi-source 120-year US flood database with a unified common format and public access
Zhi Li, Mengye Chen, Shang Gao, Jonathan J. Gourley, Tiantian Yang, Xinyi Shen, Randall Kolar, and Yang Hong
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 3755–3766,,, 2021
Short summary
iCRESTRIGRS: a coupled modeling system for cascading flood–landslide disaster forecasting
Ke Zhang, Xianwu Xue, Yang Hong, Jonathan J. Gourley, Ning Lu, Zhanming Wan, Zhen Hong, and Rick Wooten
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 5035–5048,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

DecTree v1.0 – chemistry speedup in reactive transport simulations: purely data-driven and physics-based surrogates
Marco De Lucia and Michael Kühn
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4713–4730,,, 2021
Short summary
Understanding each other's models: an introduction and a standard representation of 16 global water models to support intercomparison, improvement, and communication
Camelia-Eliza Telteu, Hannes Müller Schmied, Wim Thiery, Guoyong Leng, Peter Burek, Xingcai Liu, Julien Eric Stanislas Boulange, Lauren Seaby Andersen, Manolis Grillakis, Simon Newland Gosling, Yusuke Satoh, Oldrich Rakovec, Tobias Stacke, Jinfeng Chang, Niko Wanders, Harsh Lovekumar Shah, Tim Trautmann, Ganquan Mao, Naota Hanasaki, Aristeidis Koutroulis, Yadu Pokhrel, Luis Samaniego, Yoshihide Wada, Vimal Mishra, Junguo Liu, Petra Döll, Fang Zhao, Anne Gädeke, Sam S. Rabin, and Florian Herz
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3843–3878,,, 2021
Short summary
LISFLOOD-FP 8.0: the new discontinuous Galerkin shallow-water solver for multi-core CPUs and GPUs
James Shaw, Georges Kesserwani, Jeffrey Neal, Paul Bates, and Mohammad Kazem Sharifian
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3577–3602,,, 2021
Short summary
InundatEd-v1.0: a height above nearest drainage (HAND)-based flood risk modeling system using a discrete global grid system
Chiranjib Chaudhuri, Annie Gray, and Colin Robertson
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3295–3315,,, 2021
Short summary
Fluxes from soil moisture measurements (FluSM v1.0): a data-driven water balance framework for permeable pavements
Axel Schaffitel, Tobias Schuetz, and Markus Weiler
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2127–2142,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

AMS: Prediction and Mitigation of Flash Floods, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 81, 1338–1340,<1338:pspamo>;2, 2000. a
AMS: Flash Floods: The Role of Science, Forecasting, and Communications in Reducing Loss of Life and Economic Disruptions, available at: (last access: 3 September 2020), 2017. a
Anderson, E. A.: A Point Energy and Mass Balance Model of a Snow Cover, NOAA Technical Report, NWS 19, 1976. a
Argyle, E. M., Gourley, J. J., Flamig, Z. L., Hansen, T., and Manross, K.: Toward a User-Centered Design of a Weather Forecasting Decision-Support Tool, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 98, 373–382,, 2017. a
Ashley, S. T. and Ashley, W. S.: Flood Fatalities in the United States, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 47, 805–818,, 2008. a
Short summary
The Ensemble Framework For Flash Flood Forecasting (EF5) is used in the US National Weather Service for operational monitoring and short-term forecasting of flash floods. This article describes the hydrologic models supported by the framework and evaluates their accuracy by comparing simulations of streamflow from 2001 to 2011 at 4 366 observation sites with catchments less than 1000 km2. Overall, the uncalibrated models reasonably simulate flash flooding events.