Articles | Volume 14, issue 3
Model evaluation paper
30 Mar 2021
Model evaluation paper |  | 30 Mar 2021

Assessing the simulated soil hydrothermal regime of the active layer from the Noah-MP land surface model (v1.1) in the permafrost regions of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau

Xiangfei Li, Tonghua Wu, Xiaodong Wu, Jie Chen, Xiaofan Zhu, Guojie Hu, Ren Li, Yongping Qiao, Cheng Yang, Junming Hao, Jie Ni, and Wensi Ma

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Cited articles

Benjamini, Y.: Simultaneous and selective inference: Current successes and future challenges, Biometrical J., 52, 708–721,, 2010. 
Cao, B., Zhang, T., Wu, Q., Sheng, Y., Zhao, L., and Zou, D.: Brief communication: Evaluation and inter-comparisons of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau permafrost maps based on a new inventory of field evidence, The Cryosphere, 13, 511–519,, 2019. 
Chang, M., Liao, W., Wang, X., Zhang, Q., Chen, W., Wu, Z., and Hu, Z.: An optimal ensemble of the Noah-MP land surface model for simulating surface heat fluxes over a typical subtropical forest in South China, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 281, 107815,, 2020. 
Che, T., Hao, X., Dai, L., Li, H., Huang, X., and Xiao, L.: Snow cover variation and its impacts over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, B. Chin. Acad. Sci., 34, 1247–1253,, 2019. 
Chen, F., Janjić, Z., and Mitchell, K.: Impact of atmospheric surface-layer parameterizations in the new land-surface scheme of the NCEP Mesoscale Eta Model, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol. 85, 391–421,, 1997. 
Short summary
In this study, an ensemble simulation of 55296 scheme combinations for at a typical permafrost site on the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau (QTP) was conducted. The general performance of the Noah-MP model for snow cover events (SCEs), soil temperature (ST) and soil liquid water content (SLW) was assessed, and the sensitivities of parameterization schemes at different depths were investigated. We show that Noah-MP tends to overestimate SCEs and underestimate ST and topsoil SLW on the QTP.