Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-5029-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-5029-2020
Development and technical paper
 | 
27 Oct 2020
Development and technical paper |  | 27 Oct 2020

Simulating human impacts on global water resources using VIC-5

Bram Droppers, Wietse H. P. Franssen, Michelle T. H. van Vliet, Bart Nijssen, and Fulco Ludwig

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Cited articles

Abdulla, F. A., Lettenmaier, D. P., Wood, E. F., and Smith, J. A.: Application of a macroscale hydrologic model to estimate the water balance of the Arkansas Red River basin, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 101, 7449–7459, https://doi.org/10.1029/95jd02416, 1996. 
Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Kaspar, F., and Siebert, S.: Global change and global scenarios of water use and availability: an application of WaterGAP1.0, Center for environmental systems research, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany, 96, 1997. 
Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Henrichs, T., Kaspar, F., Lehner, B., Rosch, T., and Siebert, S.: Development and testing of the WaterGAP 2 global model of water use and availability, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 48, 317–337, https://doi.org/10.1623/hysj.48.3.317.45290, 2003. 
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop Evapotranspiration – Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, Food and Agricultural Organisation, Rome, Italy, 326, 1998. 
Andreadis, K. M., Storck, P., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Modeling snow accumulation and ablation processes in forested environments, Water Resour. Res., 45, W05429, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008wr007042, 2009. 
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Our study aims to include both both societal and natural water requirements and uses into a hydrological model in order to enable worldwide assessments of sustainable water use. The model was extended to include irrigation, domestic, industrial, energy, and livestock water uses as well as minimum flow requirements for natural systems. Initial results showed competition for water resources between society and nature, especially with respect to groundwater withdrawals.