Articles | Volume 8, issue 4
Model description paper
01 Apr 2015
Model description paper |  | 01 Apr 2015

A simple object-oriented and open-source model for scientific and policy analyses of the global climate system – Hector v1.0

C. A. Hartin, P. Patel, A. Schwarber, R. P. Link, and B. P. Bond-Lamberty

Related authors

Evaluating climate emulation: fundamental impulse testing of simple climate models
Adria K. Schwarber, Steven J. Smith, Corinne A. Hartin, Benjamin Aaron Vega-Westhoff, and Ryan Sriver
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 729–739,,, 2019
Short summary
Fldgen v1.0: an emulator with internal variability and space–time correlation for Earth system models
Robert Link, Abigail Snyder, Cary Lynch, Corinne Hartin, Ben Kravitz, and Ben Bond-Lamberty
Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 1477–1489,,, 2019
Short summary
GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems
Katherine Calvin, Pralit Patel, Leon Clarke, Ghassem Asrar, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Ryna Yiyun Cui, Alan Di Vittorio, Kalyn Dorheim, Jae Edmonds, Corinne Hartin, Mohamad Hejazi, Russell Horowitz, Gokul Iyer, Page Kyle, Sonny Kim, Robert Link, Haewon McJeon, Steven J. Smith, Abigail Snyder, Stephanie Waldhoff, and Marshall Wise
Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 677–698,,, 2019
Short summary
Synergy between land use and climate change increases future fire risk in Amazon forests
Yannick Le Page, Douglas Morton, Corinne Hartin, Ben Bond-Lamberty, José Miguel Cardoso Pereira, George Hurtt, and Ghassem Asrar
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 1237–1246,,, 2017
Short summary
Causes of uncertainty in observed and projected heterotrophic respiration from Earth System Models
Cary Lynch, Corinne Hartin, Min Chen, and Ben Bond-Lamberty
Biogeosciences Discuss.,,, 2017
Revised manuscript has not been submitted
Short summary

Related subject area

Climate and Earth system modeling
Hector V3.2.0: functionality and performance of a reduced-complexity climate model
Kalyn Dorheim, Skylar Gering, Robert Gieseke, Corinne Hartin, Leeya Pressburger, Alexey N. Shiklomanov, Steven J. Smith, Claudia Tebaldi, Dawn L. Woodard, and Ben Bond-Lamberty
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 4855–4869,,, 2024
Short summary
Evaluation of CMIP6 model simulations of PM2.5 and its components over China
Fangxuan Ren, Jintai Lin, Chenghao Xu, Jamiu A. Adeniran, Jingxu Wang, Randall V. Martin, Aaron van Donkelaar, Melanie S. Hammer, Larry W. Horowitz, Steven T. Turnock, Naga Oshima, Jie Zhang, Susanne Bauer, Kostas Tsigaridis, Øyvind Seland, Pierre Nabat, David Neubauer, Gary Strand, Twan van Noije, Philippe Le Sager, and Toshihiko Takemura
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 4821–4836,,, 2024
Short summary
Assessment of a tiling energy budget approach in a land surface model, ORCHIDEE-MICT (r8205)
Yi Xi, Chunjing Qiu, Yuan Zhang, Dan Zhu, Shushi Peng, Gustaf Hugelius, Jinfeng Chang, Elodie Salmon, and Philippe Ciais
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 4727–4754,,, 2024
Short summary
Multivariate adjustment of drizzle bias using machine learning in European climate projections
Georgia Lazoglou, Theo Economou, Christina Anagnostopoulou, George Zittis, Anna Tzyrkalli, Pantelis Georgiades, and Jos Lelieveld
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 4689–4703,,, 2024
Short summary
Development and evaluation of the interactive Model for Air Pollution and Land Ecosystems (iMAPLE) version 1.0
Xu Yue, Hao Zhou, Chenguang Tian, Yimian Ma, Yihan Hu, Cheng Gong, Hui Zheng, and Hong Liao
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 4621–4642,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Anthoff, D. and Tol, R. S. J.: The income elasticity of the impact of climate change, Is the Environment a Luxury? An inquiry into the relationship between environment and income, edited by: Tiezzi, S., and Martini, C., 34–47, Routledge, 2014.
Applegate, P. J., Kirchner, N., Stone, E. J., Keller, K., and Greve, R.: An assessment of key model parametric uncertainties in projections of Greenland Ice Sheet behavior, The Cryosphere, 6, 589–606,, 2012.
Archer, D.: Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 110, C09S05,, 2005.
Archer, D., Kheshgi, H., and Maier-Reimer, E.: Multiple timescales for neutralization of fossil fuel CO2, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 405–408,, 1997.
Bates, N. R.: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 112, C09013,, 2007.
Short summary
Simple climate models play an integral role in policy and scientific communities. Hector v1.0 is an open-source, object-oriented, simple global climate carbon-cycle model. Hector reproduces the global historical trends of atmospheric [CO2], radiative forcing, and surface temperatures. Hector simulates all four representative concentration pathways with equivalent rates of change of key variables over time compared to current observations and other models.