Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2471–2502, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-2471-2021
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2471–2502, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-2471-2021

Model evaluation paper 05 May 2021

Model evaluation paper | 05 May 2021

A mechanistic analysis of tropical Pacific dynamic sea level in GFDL-OM4 under OMIP-I and OMIP-II forcings

Chia-Wei Hsu et al.

Related authors

The interpretation of temperature and salinity variables in numerical ocean model output, and the calculation of heat fluxes and heat content
Trevor J. McDougall, Paul M. Barker, Ryan M. Holmes, Rich Pawlowicz, Stephen M. Griffies, and Paul J. Durack
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-426,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-426, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for GMD
Short summary
Evaluation of global ocean–sea-ice model simulations based on the experimental protocols of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project phase 2 (OMIP-2)
Hiroyuki Tsujino, L. Shogo Urakawa, Stephen M. Griffies, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Alistair J. Adcroft, Arthur E. Amaral, Thomas Arsouze, Mats Bentsen, Raffaele Bernardello, Claus W. Böning, Alexandra Bozec, Eric P. Chassignet, Sergey Danilov, Raphael Dussin, Eleftheria Exarchou, Pier Giuseppe Fogli, Baylor Fox-Kemper, Chuncheng Guo, Mehmet Ilicak, Doroteaciro Iovino, Who M. Kim, Nikolay Koldunov, Vladimir Lapin, Yiwen Li, Pengfei Lin, Keith Lindsay, Hailong Liu, Matthew C. Long, Yoshiki Komuro, Simon J. Marsland, Simona Masina, Aleksi Nummelin, Jan Klaus Rieck, Yohan Ruprich-Robert, Markus Scheinert, Valentina Sicardi, Dmitry Sidorenko, Tatsuo Suzuki, Hiroaki Tatebe, Qiang Wang, Stephen G. Yeager, and Zipeng Yu
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 3643–3708, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-3643-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-3643-2020, 2020
Short summary
ACCESS-OM2 v1.0: a global ocean–sea ice model at three resolutions
Andrew E. Kiss, Andrew McC. Hogg, Nicholas Hannah, Fabio Boeira Dias, Gary B. Brassington, Matthew A. Chamberlain, Christopher Chapman, Peter Dobrohotoff, Catia M. Domingues, Earl R. Duran, Matthew H. England, Russell Fiedler, Stephen M. Griffies, Aidan Heerdegen, Petra Heil, Ryan M. Holmes, Andreas Klocker, Simon J. Marsland, Adele K. Morrison, James Munroe, Maxim Nikurashin, Peter R. Oke, Gabriela S. Pilo, Océane Richet, Abhishek Savita, Paul Spence, Kial D. Stewart, Marshall L. Ward, Fanghua Wu, and Xihan Zhang
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 401–442, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-401-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-401-2020, 2020
Short summary
Biogeochemical protocols and diagnostics for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP)
James C. Orr, Raymond G. Najjar, Olivier Aumont, Laurent Bopp, John L. Bullister, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Scott C. Doney, John P. Dunne, Jean-Claude Dutay, Heather Graven, Stephen M. Griffies, Jasmin G. John, Fortunat Joos, Ingeborg Levin, Keith Lindsay, Richard J. Matear, Galen A. McKinley, Anne Mouchet, Andreas Oschlies, Anastasia Romanou, Reiner Schlitzer, Alessandro Tagliabue, Toste Tanhua, and Andrew Yool
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 2169–2199, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2169-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2169-2017, 2017
Short summary
The Flux-Anomaly-Forced Model Intercomparison Project (FAFMIP) contribution to CMIP6: investigation of sea-level and ocean climate change in response to CO2 forcing
Jonathan M. Gregory, Nathaelle Bouttes, Stephen M. Griffies, Helmuth Haak, William J. Hurlin, Johann Jungclaus, Maxwell Kelley, Warren G. Lee, John Marshall, Anastasia Romanou, Oleg A. Saenko, Detlef Stammer, and Michael Winton
Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3993–4017, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3993-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3993-2016, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Oceanography
Nemo-Nordic 2.0: operational marine forecast model for the Baltic Sea
Tuomas Kärnä, Patrik Ljungemyr, Saeed Falahat, Ida Ringgaard, Lars Axell, Vasily Korabel, Jens Murawski, Ilja Maljutenko, Anja Lindenthal, Simon Jandt-Scheelke, Svetlana Verjovkina, Ina Lorkowski, Priidik Lagemaa, Jun She, Laura Tuomi, Adam Nord, and Vibeke Huess
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 5731–5749, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-5731-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-5731-2021, 2021
Short summary
Australian tidal currents – assessment of a barotropic model (COMPAS v1.3.0 rev6631) with an unstructured grid
David A. Griffin, Mike Herzfeld, Mark Hemer, and Darren Engwirda
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 5561–5582, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-5561-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-5561-2021, 2021
Short summary
Sedapp v2021: a nonlinear diffusion-based forward stratigraphic model for shallow marine environments
Jingzhe Li, Piyang Liu, Shuyu Sun, Zhifeng Sun, Yongzhang Zhou, Liang Gong, Jinliang Zhang, and Dongxing Du
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4925–4937, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4925-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4925-2021, 2021
Short summary
A discrete interaction numerical model for coagulation and fragmentation of marine detritic particulate matter (Coagfrag v.1)
Gwenaëlle Gremion, Louis-Philippe Nadeau, Christiane Dufresne, Irene R. Schloss, Philippe Archambault, and Dany Dumont
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4535–4554, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4535-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4535-2021, 2021
Short summary
Parallel computing efficiency of SWAN 40.91
Christo Rautenbach, Julia C. Mullarney, and Karin R. Bryan
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4241–4247, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4241-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4241-2021, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Adcroft, A., Anderson, W., Balaji, V., Blanton, C., Bushuk, M., Dufour, C. O., Dunne, J. P., Griffies, S. M., Hallberg, R., Harrison, M. J., Held, I. M., Jansen, M. F., John, J. G., Krasting, J. P., Langenhorst, A. R., Legg, S., Liang, Z., McHugh, C., Radhakrishnan, A., Reichl, B. G., Rosati, T., Samuels, B. L., Shao, A., Stouffer, R., Winton, M., Wittenberg, A. T., Xiang, B., Zadeh, N., and Zhang, R.: The GFDL Global Ocean and Sea Ice Model OM4.0: Model Description and Simulation Features, J. Adv. Model Earth Sy., 11, 3167–3211, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001726, 2019. a, b, c
Bromirski, P. D., Miller, A. J., Flick, R. E., and Auad, G.: Dynamical Suppression of Sea Level Rise along the Pacific Coast of North America: Indications for Imminent Acceleration, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 116, C07005, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006759, 2011. a, b
Busalacchi, A. J. and Cane, M. A.: Hindcasts of Sea Level Variations during the 1982–83 El Niño, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 15, 213–221, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1985)015<0213:HOSLVD>2.0.CO;2, 1985. a
Cane, M. A.: Modeling Sea Level During El Niño, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14, 1864–1874, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1984)014<1864:MSLDEN>2.0.CO;2, 1984. a
Chassignet, E. P., Smith, L. T., Halliwell, G. R., and Bleck, R.: North Atlantic Simulations with the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM): Impact of the Vertical Coordinate Choice, Reference Pressure, and Thermobaricity, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 2504–2526, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<2504:NASWTH>2.0.CO;2, 2003. a
Download
Short summary
The new surface forcing from JRA55-do (OMIP II) significantly improved the underestimated sea level trend across the entire Pacific Ocean along 10° N in the simulation forced by CORE (OMIP I). We summarize and list out the reasons for the existing sea level biases across all studied timescales as a reference for improving the sea level simulation in the future. This study on the evaluation and improvement of ocean climate models should be of broad interest to a large modeling community.