Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3511–3519, 2021

Special issue: The PALM model system 6.0 for atmospheric and oceanic boundary-layer...

Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3511–3519, 2021
Model description paper
10 Jun 2021
Model description paper | 10 Jun 2021

Building indoor model in PALM-4U: indoor climate, energy demand, and the interaction between buildings and the urban microclimate

Jens Pfafferott et al.

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Cited articles

Bueno, B., Pigeon, G., Norford, L. K., Zibouche, K., and Marchadier, C.: Development and evaluation of a building energy model integrated in the TEB scheme, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 433–448,, 2012. 
Burhenne S., Elci, M., Jacob, D., Neumann, C., and Herkel, S.: Sensitivity analysis with building simulations to support the commissioning process, Proceedings of ICEBO 2010, 10th International conference for enhanced building operations, Kuwait City, 26–28 October 2010. 
Deutscher Wetterdienst: Testreferenzjahre von Deutschland für mittlere, extreme und zukünftige Witterungsverhältnisse, German Meteorological Service, Offenbach, 2014. 
DIN 4108-2:2013-02: Thermal protection and energy economy in buildings – Part 2: Minimum requirements to thermal insulation, DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V., Berlin, 2013. 
DIN V 18599:2011-12: Energetic evaluation of buildings – Calculation of the net, final and primary energy demand for heating, cooling, ventilation, domestic hot water and lighting, DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V., Berlin, 2011. 
Short summary
The building model is integrated via an urban surface model into the urban climate model. There is a strong interaction between the built environment and the urban climate. According to the building energy concept, the energy demand results in a waste heat; this is directly transferred to the urban environment. The impact of buildings on the urban climate is defined by different physical building parameters with different technical facilities for ventilation, heating and cooling.