Articles | Volume 14, issue 9
Model description paper
03 Sep 2021
Model description paper |  | 03 Sep 2021

Mesoscale nesting interface of the PALM model system 6.0

Eckhard Kadasch, Matthias Sühring, Tobias Gronemeier, and Siegfried Raasch

Related authors

Challenges of high-fidelity air quality modeling in urban environments – PALM sensitivity study during stable conditions
Jaroslav Resler, Petra Bauerová, Michal Belda, Martin Bureš, Kryštof Eben, Vladimír Fuka, Jan Geletič, Radek Jareš, Jan Karel, Josef Keder, Pavel Krč, William Patiño, Jelena Radović, Hynek Řezníček, Matthias Sühring, Adriana Šindelářová, and Ondřej Vlček
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Coupled large eddy simulations of land surface heterogeneity effects and diurnal evolution of late summer and early autumn atmospheric boundary layers during the CHEESEHEAD19 field campaign
Sreenath Paleri, Luise Wanner, Matthias Sühring, Ankur Desai, and Matthias Mauder
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Scan strategies for wind profiling with Doppler lidar – an large-eddy simulation (LES)-based evaluation
Charlotte Rahlves, Frank Beyrich, and Siegfried Raasch
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 2839–2856,,, 2022
Short summary
Wake properties and power output of very large wind farms for different meteorological conditions and turbine spacings: a large-eddy simulation case study for the German Bight
Oliver Maas and Siegfried Raasch
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 715–739,,, 2022
Short summary
Importance of radiative transfer processes in urban climate models: a study based on the PALM 6.0 model system
Mohamed H. Salim, Sebastian Schubert, Jaroslav Resler, Pavel Krč, Björn Maronga, Farah Kanani-Sühring, Matthias Sühring, and Christoph Schneider
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 145–171,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Atmospheric sciences
Validation and analysis of the Polair3D v1.11 chemical transport model over Quebec
Shoma Yamanouchi, Shayamilla Mahagammulla Gamage, Sara Torbatian, Jad Zalzal, Laura Minet, Audrey Smargiassi, Ying Liu, Ling Liu, Forood Azargoshasbi, Jinwoong Kim, Youngseob Kim, Daniel Yazgi, and Marianne Hatzopoulou
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3579–3597,,, 2024
Short summary
Assimilation of GNSS tropospheric gradients into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model version 4.4.1
Rohith Thundathil, Florian Zus, Galina Dick, and Jens Wickert
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3599–3616,,, 2024
Short summary
Identifying atmospheric rivers and their poleward latent heat transport with generalizable neural networks: ARCNNv1
Ankur Mahesh, Travis A. O'Brien, Burlen Loring, Abdelrahman Elbashandy, William Boos, and William D. Collins
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3533–3557,,, 2024
Short summary
Assessing acetone for the GISS ModelE2.1 Earth system model
Alexandra Rivera, Kostas Tsigaridis, Gregory Faluvegi, and Drew Shindell
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3487–3505,,, 2024
Short summary
Bergen metrics: composite error metrics for assessing performance of climate models using EURO-CORDEX simulations
Alok K. Samantaray, Priscilla A. Mooney, and Carla A. Vivacqua
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3321–3339,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

André, J. C., De Moor, G., Lacarrère, P., and du Vachat, R.: Modeling the 24-Hour Evolution of the Mean and Turbulent Structures of the Planetary Boundary Layer, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1861–1883,<1861:MTHEOT>2.0.CO;2, 1978. a
Baldauf, M., Seifert, A., Förstner, J., Majewski, D., Raschendorfer, M., and Reinhardt, T.: Operational Convective-Scale Numerical Weather Prediction with the COSMO Model: Description and Sensitivities, Mon. Weather Rev., 139, 3887–3905,, 2011. a, b, c, d
Baldauf, M., Förstner, J., Klink, S., Reinhardt, T., Schraff, C., Seifert, A., and Stephan, K.: Kurze Beschreibung des Lokal-Modells Kürzestfrist COSMO-DE (LMK) und seiner Datenbanken auf dem Datenserver des DWD, Tech. rep., Deutscher Wetterdienst, available at: (last access: 13 August 2021), version 2.3, 2014. a, b, c
Baldauf, M., Gebhardt, C., Theis, S., Ritter, B., and Schraff, C.: Beschreibung des operationellen Kürzesfristvorhersagemodells COSMO-D2 und COSMO-D2-EPS und seiner Ausgabe in die Datenbanken des DWD, Tech. rep., Deutscher Wetterdienst, available at: (last access: 13 August 2021), version 1.0, 2018. a, b
Brost, R. A., Wyngaard, J. C., and Lenschow, D. H.: Marine Stratocumulus Layers. Part II: Turbulence Budgets, J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 818–836,<0818:MSLPIT>2.0.CO;2, 1982. a, b, c, d, e
Short summary
In this paper, we provide a technical description of a newly developed interface for coupling the PALM model system 6.0 to the weather prediction model COSMO. The interface allows users of PALM to simulate the detailed atmospheric flow for relatively small regions of tens of kilometres under specific weather conditions, for instance, periods around observation campaigns or extreme weather situations. We demonstrate the interface using a benchmark simulation.