Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3437–3472, 2021
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3437–3472, 2021

Model evaluation paper 08 Jun 2021

Model evaluation paper | 08 Jun 2021

Evaluating the physical and biogeochemical state of the global ocean component of UKESM1 in CMIP6 historical simulations

Andrew Yool et al.

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Cited articles

Anderson, T. R., Spall, S. A., Yool, A., Cipollini, P., Challenor, P. G., and Fasham, M. J. R.: Global fields of sea surface dimethylsulphide predicted from chlorophyll, nutrients and light, J. Marine Syst., 30, 1–20, 2001. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h
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Archer, D.: Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09S05,, 2005. a, b, c
Archibald, A. T., O'Connor, F. M., Abraham, N. L., Archer-Nicholls, S., Chipperfield, M. P., Dalvi, M., Folberth, G. A., Dennison, F., Dhomse, S. S., Griffiths, P. T., Hardacre, C., Hewitt, A. J., Hill, R. S., Johnson, C. E., Keeble, J., Köhler, M. O., Morgenstern, O., Mulcahy, J. P., Ordóñez, C., Pope, R. J., Rumbold, S. T., Russo, M. R., Savage, N. H., Sellar, A., Stringer, M., Turnock, S. T., Wild, O., and Zeng, G.: Description and evaluation of the UKCA stratosphere–troposphere chemistry scheme (StratTrop vn 1.0) implemented in UKESM1, Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 1223–1266,, 2020. a, b
Short summary
The ocean plays a key role in modulating the Earth’s climate. Understanding this role is critical when using models to project future climate change. Consequently, it is necessary to evaluate their realism against the ocean's observed state. Here we validate UKESM1, a new Earth system model, focusing on the realism of its ocean physics and circulation, as well as its biological cycles and productivity. While we identify biases, generally the model performs well over a wide range of properties.