Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
Development and technical paper
25 May 2023
Development and technical paper |  | 25 May 2023

Enhanced ocean wave modeling by including effect of breaking under both deep- and shallow-water conditions

Yue Xu and Xiping Yu

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Cited articles

Ardhuin, F., Rogers, E., Babanin, A. V., Filipot, J.-F., Magne, R., Roland, A., van der Westhuysen, A., Queffeulou, P., Lefevre, J.-M., Aouf, L., and Collard, F.: Semiempirical dissipation source functions for ocean waves. Part I: Definition, calibration, and validation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 1917–1941,, 2010. 
Babanin, A. and Young, I.: Two-phase behaviour of the spectral dissipation of wind waves, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium Ocean Wave Measurement and Analysis, Madrid, June 2005, 51, 2005. 
Babanin, A. V., Banner, M. L., Young, I. R., and Donelan, M. A.: Wave-follower field measurements of the wind-input spectral function. Part III: Parameterization of the wind-input enhancement due to wave breaking, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 2764–2775,, 2007. 
Badulin, S. I., Babanin, A. V., Zakharov, V. E., and Resio, D.: Weakly turbulent laws of wind-wave growth, J. Fluid Mech., 591, 339–378,, 2007. 
Banner, M. L. and Melville, W. K.: On the separation of air flow over water waves, J. Fluid Mech., 77, 825–842,, 1976. 
Short summary
An accurate description of the wind energy input into ocean waves is crucial to ocean wave modeling, and a physics-based consideration of the effect of wave breaking is absolutely necessary to obtain such an accurate description, particularly under extreme conditions. This study evaluates the performance of a recently improved formula, taking into account not only the effect of breaking but also the effect of airflow separation on the leeside of steep wave crests in a reasonably consistent way.