Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-2811-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-2811-2023
Development and technical paper
 | 
25 May 2023
Development and technical paper |  | 25 May 2023

Enhanced ocean wave modeling by including effect of breaking under both deep- and shallow-water conditions

Yue Xu and Xiping Yu

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Latest update: 04 Mar 2024
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Short summary
An accurate description of the wind energy input into ocean waves is crucial to ocean wave modeling, and a physics-based consideration of the effect of wave breaking is absolutely necessary to obtain such an accurate description, particularly under extreme conditions. This study evaluates the performance of a recently improved formula, taking into account not only the effect of breaking but also the effect of airflow separation on the leeside of steep wave crests in a reasonably consistent way.