Articles | Volume 11, issue 4
Model experiment description paper
24 Apr 2018
Model experiment description paper |  | 24 Apr 2018

Boundary conditions for the Middle Miocene Climate Transition (MMCT v1.0)

Amanda Frigola, Matthias Prange, and Michael Schulz

Related authors

Uncertainties originating from GCM downscaling and bias correction with application to the MIS-11c Greenland Ice Sheet
Brian R. Crow, Lev Tarasov, Michael Schulz, and Matthias Prange
Clim. Past, 20, 281–296,,, 2024
Short summary
Glacial state of the global carbon cycle: time-slice simulations for the last glacial maximum with an Earth-system model
Takasumi Kurahashi-Nakamura, André Paul, Ute Merkel, and Michael Schulz
Clim. Past, 18, 1997–2019,,, 2022
Short summary
Dynamic boreal summer atmospheric circulation response as negative feedback to Greenland melt during the MIS-11 interglacial
Brian R. Crow, Matthias Prange, and Michael Schulz
Clim. Past, 18, 775–792,,, 2022
Short summary
Atmospheric carbon dioxide variations across the middle Miocene climate transition
Markus Raitzsch, Jelle Bijma, Torsten Bickert, Michael Schulz, Ann Holbourn, and Michal Kučera
Clim. Past, 17, 703–719,,, 2021
Short summary
Sensitivity of the Antarctic ice sheets to the warming of marine isotope substage 11c
Martim Mas e Braga, Jorge Bernales, Matthias Prange, Arjen P. Stroeven, and Irina Rogozhina
The Cryosphere, 15, 459–478,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Climate and Earth system modeling
The utility of simulated ocean chlorophyll observations: a case study with the Chlorophyll Observation Simulator Package (version 1) in CESMv2.2
Genevieve L. Clow, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Michael N. Levy, Keith Lindsay, and Jennifer E. Kay
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 975–995,,, 2024
Short summary
GeoPDNN 1.0: a semi-supervised deep learning neural network using pseudo-labels for three-dimensional shallow strata modelling and uncertainty analysis in urban areas from borehole data
Jiateng Guo, Xuechuang Xu, Luyuan Wang, Xulei Wang, Lixin Wu, Mark Jessell, Vitaliy Ogarko, Zhibin Liu, and Yufei Zheng
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 957–973,,, 2024
Short summary
The prototype NOAA Aerosol Reanalysis version 1.0: description of the modeling system and its evaluation
Shih-Wei Wei, Mariusz Pagowski, Arlindo da Silva, Cheng-Hsuan Lu, and Bo Huang
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 795–813,,, 2024
Short summary
Performance and process-based evaluation of the BARPA-R Australasian regional climate model version 1
Emma Howard, Chun-Hsu Su, Christian Stassen, Rajashree Naha, Harvey Ye, Acacia Pepler, Samuel S. Bell, Andrew J. Dowdy, Simon O. Tucker, and Charmaine Franklin
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 731–757,,, 2024
Short summary
Monsoon Mission Coupled Forecast System version 2.0: model description and Indian monsoon simulations
Deepeshkumar Jain, Suryachandra A. Rao, Ramu A. Dandi, Prasanth A. Pillai, Ankur Srivastava, Maheswar Pradhan, and Kiran V. Gangadharan
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 709–729,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Billups, K. and Schrag, D. P.: Paleotemperatures and ice volume of the past 27 Myr revisited with paired Mg  Ca and 18O/16O measurements on benthic foraminifera, Paleoceanography, 17, 1003,, 2002. 
Billups, K. and Schrag, D. P.: Application of benthic foraminiferal Mg  Ca ratios to questions of Cenozoic climate change, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 209, 181–195,, 2003. 
Bonan, G. B.: A Land Surface Model (LSM Version 1.0) for Ecological, Hydrological, and Atmospheric Studies: Technical Description and User's Guide, NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN–417+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, 1–150,, 1996. 
Bonan, G. B., Levis, S., Kergoat, L., and Oleson, K. W.: Landscapes as patches of plant functional types: An integrating concept for climate and ecosystem models, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 16, 1021,, 2002. 
Short summary
The application of climate models to study the Middle Miocene Climate Transition, characterized by major Antarctic ice-sheet expansion and global cooling at the interval 15–13 million years ago, is currently hampered by the lack of boundary conditions. To fill this gap, we compiled two internally consistent sets of boundary conditions, including global topography, bathymetry, vegetation and ice volume, for the periods before and after the transition.