Articles | Volume 8, issue 12
Model description paper
14 Dec 2015
Model description paper |  | 14 Dec 2015

NCAR_Topo (v1.0): NCAR global model topography generation software for unstructured grids

P. H. Lauritzen, J. T. Bacmeister, P. F. Callaghan, and M. A. Taylor

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Cited articles

Adcroft, A., Hill, C., and Marshall, J.: Representation of Topography by Shaved Cells in a Height Coordinate Ocean, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2293–2315, 1997.
Bacmeister, J.: Mountain-wave drag in the stratosphere and mesosphere inferred from observed winds and a simple mountain-wave parameterization scheme, J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 377–399,<0377:MWDITS>2.0.CO;2, 1993.
Baines, P. and Palmer, T.: Rationale for a new physically based parametrization of subgrid-scale orographic effects, ECMWF Tech. Memo., 1699, 1990.
Balmino, G.: The Spectra of the topography of the Earth, Venus and Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1063–1066,, 1993.
Beljaars, A., Brown, A., and Wood, N.: A new parametrization of turbulent orographic form drag, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 130, 1327–1347,, 2004.
Short summary
This paper documents the NCAR global model topography generation software. The software generates elevation and related data for global atmospheric models based in GTOPO30 or GMTED2010/MODIS source data.