Articles | Volume 16, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-2261-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-2261-2023
Development and technical paper
 | 
26 Apr 2023
Development and technical paper |  | 26 Apr 2023

Implementation of trait-based ozone plant sensitivity in the Yale Interactive terrestrial Biosphere model v1.0 to assess global vegetation damage

Yimian Ma, Xu Yue, Stephen Sitch, Nadine Unger, Johan Uddling, Lina M. Mercado, Cheng Gong, Zhaozhong Feng, Huiyi Yang, Hao Zhou, Chenguang Tian, Yang Cao, Yadong Lei, Alexander W. Cheesman, Yansen Xu, and Maria Carolina Duran Rojas

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Cited articles

Agathokleous, E., Feng, Z., Oksanen, E., Sicard, P., Wang, Q., Saitanis, C. J., Araminiene, V., Blande, J. D., Hayes, F., Calatayud, V., Domingos, M., Veresoglou, S. D., Penuelas, J., Wardle, D. A., De Marco, A., Li, Z., Harmens, H., Yuan, X., Vitale, M., and Paoletti, E.: Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities: A threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity, Sci. Adv., 6, eabc1176, https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abc1176, 2020. 
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Ainsworth, E. A., Yendrek, C. R., Sitch, S., Collins, W. J., and Emberson, L. D.: The Effects of Tropospheric Ozone on Net Primary Productivity and Implications for Climate Change, Annu. Rev. Plant Biol., 63, 637–661, https://doi.org/10.1146/Annurev-Arplant-042110-103829, 2012. 
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Plants have been found to respond differently to O3, but the variations in the sensitivities have rarely been explained nor fully implemented in large-scale assessment. This study proposes a new O3 damage scheme with leaf mass per area to unify varied sensitivities for all plant species. Our assessment reveals an O3-induced reduction of 4.8 % in global GPP, with the highest reduction of >10 % for cropland, suggesting an emerging risk of crop yield loss under the threat of O3 pollution.