Articles | Volume 15, issue 14
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 5905–5948, 2022
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 5905–5948, 2022
Model description paper
28 Jul 2022
Model description paper | 28 Jul 2022

The Earth system model CLIMBER-X v1.0 – Part 1: Climate model description and validation​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Matteo Willeit et al.

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Cited articles

Adcroft, A., Anderson, W., Balaji, V., Blanton, C., Bushuk, M., Dufour, C. O., Dunne, J. P., Griffies, S. M., Hallberg, R., Harrison, M. J., Held, I. M., Jansen, M. F., John, J. G., Krasting, J. P., Langenhorst, A. R., Legg, S., Liang, Z., McHugh, C., Radhakrishnan, A., Reichl, B. G., Rosati, T., Samuels, B. L., Shao, A., Stouffer, R., Winton, M., Wittenberg, A. T., Xiang, B., Zadeh, N., and Zhang, R.: The GFDL Global Ocean and Sea Ice Model OM4.0: Model Description and Simulation Features, J. Adv. Model. Earth Sy., 11, 3167–3211,, 2019. a, b
Adkins, J. F., McIntyre, K., and Schrag, D. P.: The salinity, temperature, and δ18O of the glacial deep ocean, Science, 298, 1769–1773,, 2002. a
Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Mirin, A., Wickett, M., Delire, C., and Phillips, T. J.: Biogeophysical effects of CO2 fertilization on global climate, Tellus B, 58, 620–627,, 2006. a
Bauer, E. and Ganopolski, A.: Aeolian dust modeling over the past four glacial cycles with CLIMBER-2, Global Planet. Change, 74, 49–60,, 2010. a, b
Bauer, E., Petoukhov, V., Ganopolski, A., and Eliseev, A. V.: Climatic response to anthropogenic sulphate aerosols versus well-mixed greenhouse gases from 1850 to 2000 AD in CLIMBER-2, Tellus B, 60B, 82–97,, 2008. a, b
Short summary
In this paper we present the climate component of the newly developed fast Earth system model CLIMBER-X. It has a horizontal resolution of 5°x5° and is designed to simulate the evolution of the Earth system on temporal scales ranging from decades to >100 000 years. CLIMBER-X is available as open-source code and is expected to be a useful tool for studying past climate changes and for the investigation of the long-term future evolution of the climate.