Articles | Volume 8, issue 12
Model description paper
21 Dec 2015
Model description paper |  | 21 Dec 2015

Coupling global models for hydrology and nutrient loading to simulate nitrogen and phosphorus retention in surface water – description of IMAGE–GNM and analysis of performance

A. H. W. Beusen, L. P. H. Van Beek, A. F. Bouwman, J. M. Mogollón, and J. J. Middelburg

Related authors

CARBON-DISC 1.0 – A coupled, process-based model of global in-stream carbon biogeochemistry
Wim Joost van Hoek, Lauriane Vilmin, Arthur H. W. Beusen, José M. Mogollón, Xiaochen Liu, Joep J. Langeveld, Alexander F. Bouwman, and Jack J. Middelburg
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.,,, 2019
Revised manuscript not accepted
Short summary
Global database and model on dissolved carbon in soil solution
Joep Langeveld, Alexander F. Bouwman, Wim Joost van Hoek, Lauriane Vilmin, Arthur H. W. Beusen, José M. Mogollón, and Jack J. Middelburg
Biogeosciences Discuss.,,, 2019
Preprint withdrawn
Short summary
Nitrogen leaching from natural ecosystems under global change: a modelling study
Maarten C. Braakhekke, Karin T. Rebel, Stefan C. Dekker, Benjamin Smith, Arthur H. W. Beusen, and Martin J. Wassen
Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 1121–1139,,, 2017
Short summary
Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene – HYDE 3.2
Kees Klein Goldewijk, Arthur Beusen, Jonathan Doelman, and Elke Stehfest
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927–953,,, 2017
Short summary
Spatiotemporal dynamics of soil phosphorus and crop uptake in global cropland during the 20th century
Jie Zhang, Arthur H. W. Beusen, Dirk F. Van Apeldoorn, José M. Mogollón, Chaoqing Yu, and Alexander F. Bouwman
Biogeosciences, 14, 2055–2068,,, 2017
Short summary

Related subject area

Ocean biogeochemistry in the coupled ocean–sea ice–biogeochemistry model FESOM2.1–REcoM3
Özgür Gürses, Laurent Oziel, Onur Karakuş, Dmitry Sidorenko, Christoph Völker, Ying Ye, Moritz Zeising, Martin Butzin, and Judith Hauck
Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 4883–4936,,, 2023
Short summary
Forcing the Global Fire Emissions Database burned-area dataset into the Community Land Model version 5.0: impacts on carbon and water fluxes at high latitudes
Hocheol Seo and Yeonjoo Kim
Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 4699–4713,,, 2023
Short summary
Modeling of non-structural carbohydrate dynamics by the spatially explicit individual-based dynamic global vegetation model SEIB-DGVM (SEIB-DGVM-NSC version 1.0)
Hideki Ninomiya, Tomomichi Kato, Lea Végh, and Lan Wu
Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 4155–4170,,, 2023
Short summary
MEDFATE 2.9.3: a trait-enabled model to simulate Mediterranean forest function and dynamics at regional scales
Miquel De Cáceres, Roberto Molowny-Horas, Antoine Cabon, Jordi Martínez-Vilalta, Maurizio Mencuccini, Raúl García-Valdés, Daniel Nadal-Sala, Santiago Sabaté, Nicolas Martin-StPaul, Xavier Morin, Francesco D'Adamo, Enric Batllori, and Aitor Améztegui
Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 3165–3201,,, 2023
Short summary
A high-resolution marine mercury model MITgcm-ECCO2-Hg with online biogeochemistry
Siyu Zhu, Peipei Wu, Siyi Zhang, Oliver Jahn, and Yanxu Zhang
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.,,, 2023
Revised manuscript accepted for GMD
Short summary

Cited articles

Adam, J. C. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Application of new precipitation and reconstructed streamflow products to streamflow trend attribution in Northern Eurasia, J. Climate, 21, 1807–1828, 2008.
Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Henrichs, T., Kaspar, F., Lehner, B., Rösch, T., and Siebert, S.: Development and testing the WaterGap 2 model of water use and availability, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 48, 317–337, 2003.
Alexander, R. B., Smith, R. A., Schwarz, G. E., Boyer, E. W., Nolan, J. V., and Brakebill, J. W.: Differences in phosphorus and nitrogen delivery to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River Basin, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 822–830, 2008.
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration – Guidelines for compunting crop water requirements, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56, available at: (last access: 18 December 2015), 1998.
Angel, S., Sheppard, S., and Civco, D.: The dynamics of global urban expansion, The World Bank, Transport and Urban Development Department, Washington, D.C., available at: (last access: 18 December 2015), 2005.
Short summary
The IMAGE-Global Nutrient Model (GNM) is used to study the impact of multiple environmental changes on N and P delivery to surface water and transport and in-stream retention in rivers, lakes, wetlands and reservoirs over prolonged time periods. N and P are delivered to water bodies via diffuse sources (agriculture and natural ecosystems) and wastewater. N and P retention in a water body is calculated on the basis of the residence time of the water and nutrient uptake velocity.