Articles | Volume 8, issue 10
Development and technical paper
06 Oct 2015
Development and technical paper |  | 06 Oct 2015

Increasing vertical mixing to reduce Southern Ocean deep convection in NEMO3.4

C. Heuzé, J. K. Ridley, D. Calvert, D. P. Stevens, and K. J. Heywood

Related authors

The distribution and abundance of planktonic foraminifera under summer sea-ice in the Arctic Ocean
Flor Vermassen, Clare Bird, Tirza M. Weitkamp, Kate F. Darling, Hanna Farnelid, Céline Heuzé, Allison Y. Hsiang, Salar Karam, Christian Stranne, Marcus Sundbom, and Helen K. Coxall
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Unsupervised classification of the northwestern European seas based on satellite altimetry data
Lea Poropat, Dani Jones, Simon D. A. Thomas, and Céline Heuzé
Ocean Sci., 20, 201–215,,, 2024
Short summary
Continued warming of deep waters in Fram Strait
Salar Karam, Céline Heuzé, Mario Hoppmann, and Laura de Steur
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
A year of transient tracers (chlorofluorocarbon 12 and sulfur hexafluoride), noble gases (helium and neon), and tritium in the Arctic Ocean from the MOSAiC expedition (2019–2020)
Céline Heuzé, Oliver Huhn, Maren Walter, Natalia Sukhikh, Salar Karam, Wiebke Körtke, Myriel Vredenborg, Klaus Bulsiewicz, Jürgen Sültenfuß, Ying-Chih Fang, Christian Mertens, Benjamin Rabe, Sandra Tippenhauer, Jacob Allerholt, Hailun He, David Kuhlmey, Ivan Kuznetsov, and Maria Mallet
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 5517–5534,,, 2023
Short summary
Southern Ocean polynyas in CMIP6 models
Martin Mohrmann, Céline Heuzé, and Sebastiaan Swart
The Cryosphere, 15, 4281–4313,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Intercomparisons of Tracker v1.1 and four other ocean particle-tracking software packages in the Regional Ocean Modeling System
Jilian Xiong and Parker MacCready
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3341–3356,,, 2024
Short summary
CAR36, a regional high-resolution ocean forecasting system for improving drift and beaching of Sargassum in the Caribbean archipelago
Sylvain Cailleau, Laurent Bessières, Léonel Chiendje, Flavie Dubost, Guillaume Reffray, Jean-Michel Lellouche, Simon van Gennip, Charly Régnier, Marie Drevillon, Marc Tressol, Matthieu Clavier, Julien Temple-Boyer, and Léo Berline
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 3157–3173,,, 2024
Short summary
Implementation of additional spectral wave field exchanges in a three-dimensional wave–current coupled WAVEWATCH-III (version 6.07) and CROCO (version 1.2) configuration: assessment of their implications for macro-tidal coastal hydrodynamics
Gaetano Porcile, Anne-Claire Bennis, Martial Boutet, Sophie Le Bot, Franck Dumas, and Swen Jullien
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 2829–2853,,, 2024
Short summary
Comparison of 4-dimensional variational and ensemble optimal interpolation data assimilation systems using a Regional Ocean Modeling System (v3.4) configuration of the eddy-dominated East Australian Current system
Colette Gabrielle Kerry, Moninya Roughan, Shane Keating, David Gwyther, Gary Brassington, Adil Siripatana, and Joao Marcos A. C. Souza
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 2359–2386,,, 2024
Short summary
LOCATE v1.0: numerical modelling of floating marine debris dispersion in coastal regions using Parcels v2.4.2
Ivan Hernandez, Leidy M. Castro-Rosero, Manuel Espino, and Jose M. Alsina Torrent
Geosci. Model Dev., 17, 2221–2245,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Adcroft, A.: Representation of topography by porous barriers and objective interpolation of topographic data, Ocean Model., 67, 13–27,, 2013.
Axell, L. B.: Wind-driven internal waves and Langmuir circulations in a numerical ocean model of the southern Baltic Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 3204,, 2002.
Azaneu, M., Kerr, R., and Mata, M. M.: Assessment of the representation of Antarctic Bottom Water properties in the ECCO2 reanalysis, Ocean Sci., 10, 923–946,, 2014.
Bates, M. L., Griffies, S. M., and England, M. H.: A dynamic, embedded Lagrangian model for ocean climate models. Part I: Theory and implementation, Ocean Model., 59, 51–59,, 2012.
Briegleb, B. P., Danabasoglu, G., and Large, W.: An overflow parameterization for the ocean component of the community climate system model, Tech. rep, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, 2010.
Short summary
Most ocean models, including NEMO, have unrealistic Southern Ocean deep convection. That is, through extensive areas of the Southern Ocean, they exhibit convection from the surface of the ocean to the sea floor. We find this convection to be an issue as it impacts the whole ocean circulation, notably strengthening the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Using sensitivity experiments, we show that counter-intuitively the vertical mixing needs to be enhanced to reduce this spurious convection.