Articles | Volume 16, issue 24
Model description paper
 | Highlight paper
21 Dec 2023
Model description paper | Highlight paper |  | 21 Dec 2023

The Framework for Assessing Changes To Sea-level (FACTS) v1.0: a platform for characterizing parametric and structural uncertainty in future global, relative, and extreme sea-level change

Robert E. Kopp, Gregory G. Garner, Tim H. J. Hermans, Shantenu Jha, Praveen Kumar, Alexander Reedy, Aimée B. A. Slangen, Matteo Turilli, Tamsin L. Edwards, Jonathan M. Gregory, George Koubbe, Anders Levermann, Andre Merzky, Sophie Nowicki, Matthew D. Palmer, and Chris Smith

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Cited articles

Balasubramanian, V., Treikalis, A., Weidner, O., and Jha, S.: Ensemble Toolkit: Scalable and Flexible Execution of Ensembles of Tasks, in: 2016 45th International Conference on Parallel Processing (ICPP), Philadelphia, PA, 458–463,, 2016. a
Balasubramanian, V., Turilli, M., Hu, W., Lefebvre, M., Lei, W., Modrak, R. T., Cervone, G., Tromp, J., and Jha, S.: Harnessing the Power of Many: Extensible Toolkit for Scalable Ensemble Applications, in: 2018 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2018, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 21–25 May 2018, 536–545,, 2018. a
Bamber, J. L., Oppenheimer, M., Kopp, R. E., Aspinall, W., and Cooke, R. M.: Ice sheet contributions to future sea level rise from structured expert judgement, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116, 11195–11200,, 2019. a, b, c, d
Buchanan, M. K., Kopp, R. E., Oppenheimer, M., and Tebaldi, C.: Allowances for evolving coastal flood risk under uncertain local sea-level rise, Clim. Change, 137, 347–362,, 2016. a
Caron, L., Ivins, E., Larour, E., Adhikari, S., Nilsson, J., and Blewitt, G.: GIA model statistics for GRACE hydrology, cryosphere, and ocean science, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 2203–2212,, 2018. a
Executive editor
This manuscript provides a novel and comprehensive assessment of uncertainty associated with sea level rise. The model description is thorough and it is applied to a number of possible scenarios. The conclusions are important for framing future discussions on sea level rise.
Short summary
Future sea-level rise projections exhibit multiple forms of uncertainty, all of which must be considered by scientific assessments intended to inform decision-making. The Framework for Assessing Changes To Sea-level (FACTS) is a new software package intended to support assessments of global mean, regional, and extreme sea-level rise. An early version of FACTS supported the development of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report sea-level projections.