Articles | Volume 16, issue 1
Development and technical paper
04 Jan 2023
Development and technical paper |  | 04 Jan 2023

Climate impacts of parameterizing subgrid variation and partitioning of land surface heat fluxes to the atmosphere with the NCAR CESM1.2

Ming Yin, Yilun Han, Yong Wang, Wenqi Sun, Jianbo Deng, Daoming Wei, Ying Kong, and Bin Wang

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Cited articles

Beaudoing, H., Rodell, M., and NASA/GSFC/HSL: GLDAS Noah Land Surface Model L4 monthly 1.0 x 1.0 degree V2.1, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) [data set],, 2020. 
CESM Software Engineering Group: CESM User’s Guide (CESM1.2 Release Series User’s Guide),, last access: 21 December 2022. 
Chakraborty, T. and Lee, X.: Land Cover Regulates the Spatial Variability of Temperature Response to the Direct Radiative Effect of Aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 8995–9003,, 2019. 
Dai, A.: Precipitation Characteristics in Eighteen Coupled Climate Models, J. Climate, 19, 4605–4630,, 2006. 
Duveiller, G., Forzieri, G., Robertson, E., Li, W., Georgievski, G., Lawrence, P., Wiltshire, A., Ciais, P., Pongratz, J., Sitch, S., Arneth, A., and Cescatti, A.: Biophysics and vegetation cover change: a process-based evaluation framework for confronting land surface models with satellite observations, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1265–1279,, 2018. 
Short summary
All global climate models (GCMs) use the grid-averaged surface heat fluxes to drive the atmosphere, and thus their horizontal variations within the grid cell are averaged out. In this regard, a novel scheme considering the variation and partitioning of the surface heat fluxes within the grid cell is developed. The scheme reduces the long-standing rainfall biases on the southern and eastern margins of the Tibetan Plateau. The performance of key variables at the global scale is also evaluated.