Articles | Volume 8, issue 11
Development and technical paper
26 Nov 2015
Development and technical paper |  | 26 Nov 2015

A sub-canopy structure for simulating oil palm in the Community Land Model (CLM-Palm): phenology, allocation and yield

Y. Fan, O. Roupsard, M. Bernoux, G. Le Maire, O. Panferov, M. M. Kotowska, and A. Knohl

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Cited articles

Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Tjoa, A., and Veldkamp, E.: Soil nitrogen-cycling responses to conversion of lowland forests to oil palm and rubber plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia, PLoS ONE, 10, e0133325,, 2015.
Bonan, G. B., Levis, S., Kergoat, L., and Oleson, K. W.: Landscapes as patches of plant functional types: An integrated concept for climate and ecosystem models, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 16, 1021–1051, 2002.
Carlson, K. M., Curran, L. M., Asner, G. P., Pittman, A. M., Trigg, S. N., and Adeney, J. M.: Carbon emissions from forest conversion by Kalimantan oil palm plantations, Nature Clim. Change, 3, 283–287,, 2012.
Carrasco, L. R., Larrosa, C., Milner-Gulland, E. J., and Edwards, D. P.: A double-edged sword for tropical forests, Science, 346, 38–40, 2014.
Combres, J.-C., Pallas, B., Rouan, L., Mialet-Serra, I., Caliman, J.-P., Braconnier, S., Soulie, J.-C., and Dingkuhn, M.: Simulation of inflorescence dynamics in oil palm and estimation of environment-sensitive phenological phases: a model based analysis, Funct. Plant Biol., 40, 263–279, 2013.
Short summary
A perennial crop model CLM-Palm is developed, including multilayer structure, phenology, and carbon and nitrogen allocation functions, for modeling an important oil palm agricultural system in the tropical regions. Simulated LAI, yield and NPP were calibrated and validated with multiple sites in Sumatra, Indonesia. The new model allows exploring the effects of tropical land use change, from natural ecosystems to monoculture plantations on carbon, water and energy cycles and regional climate.