Articles | Volume 12, issue 8
Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3707–3723, 2019

Special issue: Modelling lakes in the climate system (GMD/HESS inter-journal...

Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3707–3723, 2019

Model evaluation paper 23 Aug 2019

Model evaluation paper | 23 Aug 2019

Validation of lake surface state in the HIRLAM v.7.4 numerical weather prediction model against in situ measurements in Finland

Laura Rontu et al.

Related authors

HARMONIE-AROME single-column tools and experiments
Emily Gleeson, Stephen Outten, Bjørg Jenny Kokkvoll Engdahl, Eoin Whelan, Ulf Andrae, and Laura Rontu
Adv. Sci. Res., 17, 255–267,,, 2020
Short summary
Renewal of aerosol data for ALADIN-HIRLAM radiation parametrizations
Laura Rontu, Joni-Pekka Pietikäinen, and Daniel Martin Perez
Adv. Sci. Res., 16, 129–136,,, 2019
Short summary
Comparison of radiation parametrizations within the HARMONIE–AROME NWP model
Laura Rontu and Anders V. Lindfors
Adv. Sci. Res., 15, 81–90,,, 2018
Short summary
The HIRLAM fast radiation scheme for mesoscale numerical weather prediction models
Laura Rontu, Emily Gleeson, Petri Räisänen, Kristian Pagh Nielsen, Hannu Savijärvi, and Bent Hansen Sass
Adv. Sci. Res., 14, 195–215,,, 2017
Short summary
Effects of aerosols on clear-sky solar radiation in the ALADIN-HIRLAM NWP system
Emily Gleeson, Velle Toll, Kristian Pagh Nielsen, Laura Rontu, and Ján Mašek
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5933–5948,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Atmospheric Sciences
Implementation of a synthetic inflow turbulence generator in idealised WRF v3.6.1 large eddy simulations under neutral atmospheric conditions
Jian Zhong, Xiaoming Cai, and Zheng-Tong Xie
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 323–336,,, 2021
Short summary
Numerical study of the effects of initial conditions and emissions on PM2.5 concentration simulations with CAMx v6.1: a Xi'an case study
Han Xiao, Qizhong Wu, Xiaochun Yang, Lanning Wang, and Huaqiong Cheng
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 223–238,,, 2021
Short summary
A multi-year short-range hindcast experiment with CESM1 for evaluating climate model moist processes from diurnal to interannual timescales
Hsi-Yen Ma, Chen Zhou, Yunyan Zhang, Stephen A. Klein, Mark D. Zelinka, Xue Zheng, Shaocheng Xie, Wei-Ting Chen, and Chien-Ming Wu
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 73–90,,, 2021
Short summary
Ground-based lidar processing and simulator framework for comparing models and observations (ALCF 1.0)
Peter Kuma, Adrian J. McDonald, Olaf Morgenstern, Richard Querel, Israel Silber, and Connor J. Flynn
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 43–72,,, 2021
Development of an Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) aerosol index (AI) data assimilation scheme for aerosol modeling over bright surfaces – a step toward direct radiance assimilation in the UV spectrum
Jianglong Zhang, Robert J. D. Spurr, Jeffrey S. Reid, Peng Xian, Peter R. Colarco, James R. Campbell, Edward J. Hyer, and Nancy L. Baker
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 27–42,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Baijnath-Rodino, J. and Duguay, C.: Assessment of coupled CRCM5–FLake on the reproduction of wintertime lake-induced precipitation in the Great Lakes Basin, Theor. Appl. Climatol.,, 2019. a
Balsamo, G., Salgado, R., Dutra, E., Boussetta, S., Stockdale, T., and Potes, M: On the contribution of lakes in predicting near-surface temperature in a global weather forecasting model, Tellus A, 64, 15829,, 2012. a
Batrak, Y., Kourzeneva, E., and Homleid, M.: Implementation of a simple thermodynamic sea ice scheme, SICE version 1.0-38h1, within the ALADIN–HIRLAM numerical weather prediction system version 38h1, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 3347–3368,, 2018. a
Bengtsson, L., Andrae, U., Aspelien, T., Batrak, Y., Calvo, J., de Rooy, W., Gleeson, E., Hansen-Sass, B., Homleid, M., Hortal, M., Ivarsson, K., Lenderink, G., Niemelä, S., Pagh Nielsen, K., Onvlee, J., Rontu, L., Samuelsson, P., Santos Muñoz, D., Subias, A., Tijm, S., Toll, V., Yang, X., and Ødegaard Køltzow, M.: The HARMONIE-AROME model configuration in the ALADIN-HIRLAM NWP system, Mon. Weather Rev., 145, 1919–1935,, 2018. a
Boone, A., Samuelsson, P., Gollvik, S., Napoly, A., Jarlan, L., Brun, E., and Decharme, B.: The interactions between soil–biosphere–atmosphere land surface model with a multi-energy balance (ISBA-MEB) option in SURFEXv8 – Part 1: Model description, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 843–872,, 2017. a
Short summary
Numerical weather prediction model HIRLAM includes prognostic treatment of lake surface state since 2012. Forecast is based on the Freshwater Lake model (Flake). We compared the predicted lake water temperature, freeze-up and break-up dates as well as the ice thickness and snow depth during six years over 45 lakes in Finland against observations by Finnish Environment Institute. Water surface temperatures and freezing of lakes were well predicted but the ice tended to melt too early in spring.