Articles | Volume 12, issue 8
Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3707–3723, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-3707-2019

Special issue: Modelling lakes in the climate system (GMD/HESS inter-journal...

Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3707–3723, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-3707-2019

Model evaluation paper 23 Aug 2019

Model evaluation paper | 23 Aug 2019

Validation of lake surface state in the HIRLAM v.7.4 numerical weather prediction model against in situ measurements in Finland

Laura Rontu et al.

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Cited articles

Baijnath-Rodino, J. and Duguay, C.: Assessment of coupled CRCM5–FLake on the reproduction of wintertime lake-induced precipitation in the Great Lakes Basin, Theor. Appl. Climatol., https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-019-02799-8, 2019. a
Balsamo, G., Salgado, R., Dutra, E., Boussetta, S., Stockdale, T., and Potes, M: On the contribution of lakes in predicting near-surface temperature in a global weather forecasting model, Tellus A, 64, 15829, https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.15829, 2012. a
Batrak, Y., Kourzeneva, E., and Homleid, M.: Implementation of a simple thermodynamic sea ice scheme, SICE version 1.0-38h1, within the ALADIN–HIRLAM numerical weather prediction system version 38h1, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 3347–3368, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-3347-2018, 2018. a
Bengtsson, L., Andrae, U., Aspelien, T., Batrak, Y., Calvo, J., de Rooy, W., Gleeson, E., Hansen-Sass, B., Homleid, M., Hortal, M., Ivarsson, K., Lenderink, G., Niemelä, S., Pagh Nielsen, K., Onvlee, J., Rontu, L., Samuelsson, P., Santos Muñoz, D., Subias, A., Tijm, S., Toll, V., Yang, X., and Ødegaard Køltzow, M.: The HARMONIE-AROME model configuration in the ALADIN-HIRLAM NWP system, Mon. Weather Rev., 145, 1919–1935, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-16-0417.1, 2018. a
Boone, A., Samuelsson, P., Gollvik, S., Napoly, A., Jarlan, L., Brun, E., and Decharme, B.: The interactions between soil–biosphere–atmosphere land surface model with a multi-energy balance (ISBA-MEB) option in SURFEXv8 – Part 1: Model description, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 843–872, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-843-2017, 2017. a
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Short summary
Numerical weather prediction model HIRLAM includes prognostic treatment of lake surface state since 2012. Forecast is based on the Freshwater Lake model (Flake). We compared the predicted lake water temperature, freeze-up and break-up dates as well as the ice thickness and snow depth during six years over 45 lakes in Finland against observations by Finnish Environment Institute. Water surface temperatures and freezing of lakes were well predicted but the ice tended to melt too early in spring.