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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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GMD | Articles | Volume 13, issue 5
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 2393–2431, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2393-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: The Norwegian Earth System Model: NorESM; basic development,...

Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 2393–2431, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2393-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Model description paper 26 May 2020

Model description paper | 26 May 2020

Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2)

Jerry F. Tjiputra et al.

Data sets

NCC NorESM2-MM model outputprepared for CMIP6 CMIP historical M. Bentsen et al. https://doi.org/10.22033/ESGF/CMIP6.8040

WORLD OCEAN ATLAS 2013 version 2 NOAA https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/woa13/

Globa lOcean Data Analysis Project version 2 Bjerknes Climate Data Centre and ICOS Ocean Thematic Centre https://www.glodap.info

Surface mixed layer depth C. de Boyer Montegut http://www.ifremer.fr/cerweb/deboyer/mld/home.php

Surface pCO2 and air–sea CO2 fluxes NOAA https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/oceans/SP_CO2_1982_2011_ETH_SOM_FFN.html

Ocean primary production R. O'Malley https://www.science.oregonstate.edu/ocean.productivity/

Dimethyl Sulphide (DMS) SOLAS Project Integration https://www.bodc.ac.uk/solas_integration/implementation_products/group1/dms/

δ14C and CFC-11 Global Ocean Data Analysis Project https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/oceans/glodap/

δ13C BCDC Bjerknes Climate Data Centre https://www.bcdc.no/data-products.html

Model code and software

NorESM2_OCBGC_final.tex Ø. Seland, M. Bentsen, D. Olivié, T. Toniazzo, A. Gjermundsen, L. Seland Graff, J. Boldingh Debernard, A. Kumar Gupta, Y. He, A. Kirkevåg, J. Schwinger, J. Tjiputra, K. Schanke Aas, I. Bethke, Y. Fan, S. Gao, J. Griesfeller, A. Grini, C. Guo, M. Ilicak, I. H. Hafsahl Karset, O. Landgren, J. Liakka, A. Moree, K. Onsum Moseid, A. Nummelin, C. Spensberger, H. Tang, Z. Zhang, C. Heinze, T. Iversen, and M. Schulz https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760870

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Short summary
Ocean biogeochemistry plays an important role in determining the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. Earth system models, which are regularly used to study and project future climate change, generally include an ocean biogeochemistry component. Prior to their application, such models are rigorously validated against real-world observations. In this study, we evaluate the ability of the ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 to simulate various datasets.
Ocean biogeochemistry plays an important role in determining the atmospheric carbon dioxide...
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