The Norwegian Earth System Model: NorESM; basic development, validation, scientific analyses, and climate scenarios
The Norwegian Earth System Model: NorESM; basic development, validation, scientific analyses, and climate scenarios
Editor(s): GMD topical editors | Coordinators: M. Bentsen and M. Schulz More information

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19 Nov 2021
NorCPM1 and its contribution to CMIP6 DCPP
Ingo Bethke, Yiguo Wang, François Counillon, Noel Keenlyside, Madlen Kimmritz, Filippa Fransner, Annette Samuelsen, Helene Langehaug, Lea Svendsen, Ping-Gin Chiu, Leilane Passos, Mats Bentsen, Chuncheng Guo, Alok Gupta, Jerry Tjiputra, Alf Kirkevåg, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, Julie Solsvik Vågane, Yuanchao Fan, and Tor Eldevik
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 7073–7116, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-7073-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-7073-2021, 2021
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04 Jun 2021
Implementing a sectional scheme for early aerosol growth from new particle formation in the Norwegian Earth System Model v2: comparison to observations and climate impacts
Sara M. Blichner, Moa K. Sporre, Risto Makkonen, and Terje K. Berntsen
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3335–3359, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-3335-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-3335-2021, 2021
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04 Dec 2020
Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations
Øyvind Seland, Mats Bentsen, Dirk Olivié, Thomas Toniazzo, Ada Gjermundsen, Lise Seland Graff, Jens Boldingh Debernard, Alok Kumar Gupta, Yan-Chun He, Alf Kirkevåg, Jörg Schwinger, Jerry Tjiputra, Kjetil Schanke Aas, Ingo Bethke, Yuanchao Fan, Jan Griesfeller, Alf Grini, Chuncheng Guo, Mehmet Ilicak, Inger Helene Hafsahl Karset, Oskar Landgren, Johan Liakka, Kine Onsum Moseid, Aleksi Nummelin, Clemens Spensberger, Hui Tang, Zhongshi Zhang, Christoph Heinze, Trond Iversen, and Michael Schulz
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 6165–6200, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-6165-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-6165-2020, 2020
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26 May 2020
Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2)
Jerry F. Tjiputra, Jörg Schwinger, Mats Bentsen, Anne L. Morée, Shuang Gao, Ingo Bethke, Christoph Heinze, Nadine Goris, Alok Gupta, Yan-Chun He, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, and Michael Schulz
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 2393–2431, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2393-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2393-2020, 2020
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21 Feb 2020
Enforcing conservation of axial angular momentum in the atmospheric general circulation model CAM6
Thomas Toniazzo, Mats Bentsen, Cheryl Craig, Brian E. Eaton, Jim Edwards, Steve Goldhaber, Christiane Jablonowski, and Peter H. Lauritzen
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 685–705, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-685-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-685-2020, 2020
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21 Jan 2019
Description and evaluation of NorESM1-F: a fast version of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM)
Chuncheng Guo, Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Mehmet Ilicak, Jerry Tjiputra, Thomas Toniazzo, Jörg Schwinger, and Odd Helge Otterå
Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 343–362, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-343-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-343-2019, 2019
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01 Oct 2018
A production-tagged aerosol module for Earth system models, OsloAero5.3 – extensions and updates for CAM5.3-Oslo
Alf Kirkevåg, Alf Grini, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, Kari Alterskjær, Matthias Hummel, Inger H. H. Karset, Anna Lewinschal, Xiaohong Liu, Risto Makkonen, Ingo Bethke, Jan Griesfeller, Michael Schulz, and Trond Iversen
Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 3945–3982, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-3945-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-3945-2018, 2018
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11 Nov 2016
The offline Lagrangian particle model FLEXPART–NorESM/CAM (v1): model description and comparisons with the online NorESM transport scheme and with the reference FLEXPART model
Massimo Cassiani, Andreas Stohl, Dirk Olivié, Øyvind Seland, Ingo Bethke, Ignacio Pisso, and Trond Iversen
Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4029–4048, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4029-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4029-2016, 2016
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02 Aug 2016
Evaluation of NorESM-OC (versions 1 and 1.2), the ocean carbon-cycle stand-alone configuration of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1)
Jörg Schwinger, Nadine Goris, Jerry F. Tjiputra, Iris Kriest, Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Mehmet Ilicak, Karen M. Assmann, and Christoph Heinze
Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2589–2622, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2589-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2589-2016, 2016
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07 Jul 2016
Northern Hemisphere storminess in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1-M)
Erlend M. Knudsen and John E. Walsh
Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2335–2355, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2335-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2335-2016, 2016
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24 May 2013
The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate
M. Bentsen, I. Bethke, J. B. Debernard, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, Ø. Seland, H. Drange, C. Roelandt, I. A. Seierstad, C. Hoose, and J. E. Kristjánsson
Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013, 2013
22 Mar 2013
The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 2: Climate response and scenario projections
T. Iversen, M. Bentsen, I. Bethke, J. B. Debernard, A. Kirkevåg, Ø. Seland, H. Drange, J. E. Kristjansson, I. Medhaug, M. Sand, and I. A. Seierstad
Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 389–415, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-389-2013,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-389-2013, 2013
04 Mar 2013
Evaluation of the carbon cycle components in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM)
J. F. Tjiputra, C. Roelandt, M. Bentsen, D. M. Lawrence, T. Lorentzen, J. Schwinger, Ø. Seland, and C. Heinze
Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 301–325, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-301-2013,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-301-2013, 2013
08 Feb 2013
Aerosol–climate interactions in the Norwegian Earth System Model – NorESM1-M
A. Kirkevåg, T. Iversen, Ø. Seland, C. Hoose, J. E. Kristjánsson, H. Struthers, A. M. L. Ekman, S. Ghan, J. Griesfeller, E. D. Nilsson, and M. Schulz
Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 207–244, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-207-2013,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-207-2013, 2013
21 Aug 2012
Pre-industrial and mid-Pliocene simulations with NorESM-L: AGCM simulations
Z. Zhang and Q. Yan
Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 1033–1043, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-1033-2012,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-1033-2012, 2012
25 Apr 2012
Pre-industrial and mid-Pliocene simulations with NorESM-L
Z. S. Zhang, K. Nisancioglu, M. Bentsen, J. Tjiputra, I. Bethke, Q. Yan, B. Risebrobakken, C. Andersson, and E. Jansen
Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 523–533, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-523-2012,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-523-2012, 2012
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