Articles | Volume 16, issue 8
Model evaluation paper
18 Apr 2023
Model evaluation paper |  | 18 Apr 2023

Evaluating wind profiles in a numerical weather prediction model with Doppler lidar

Pyry Pentikäinen, Ewan J. O'Connor, and Pablo Ortiz-Amezcua

Data sets

Doppler lidar wind profiles from Kumpula Finnish Meteorological Institute

Doppler lidar wind profiles from Granada University of Granada IISTA-CEAMA

Doppler Lidar Horizontal Wind Profiles (DLPROFWIND4NEWS) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) user facility

Balloon-Borne Sounding System (SONDEWNPN) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) user facility

NWP model data (ECMWF IFS) Ewan O'Connor

Short summary
We used Doppler lidar to evaluate the wind profiles generated by a weather forecast model. We first compared the Doppler lidar observations with co-located radiosonde profiles, and they agree well. The model performs best over marine and coastal locations. Larger errors were seen in locations where the surface was more complex, especially in the wind direction. Our results show that Doppler lidar is a suitable instrument for evaluating the boundary layer wind profiles in atmospheric models.