The development and validation of a global 1/32° surface wave-tide-circulation coupled ocean model: FIO-COM32
Abstract. Model resolution and the included physical processes are two of the most important factors that determine the realism of the ocean model simulations. In this study, a new global surface wave-tide-circulation coupled ocean model FIO- COM32 with resolution of 1/32° × 1/32° is developed and validated. Promotion of the horizontal resolution from 1/10° to 1/32° leads to significant improvements of the simulations of surface eddy kinetic energy (EKE), fine structures of sub- mesoscale to mesoscale movements and the accuracy of simulated global tide. The non-breaking surface wave-induced mixing (Bv) is proved to be an important contributor that improves the agreement of the simulated summer mixed layer depth (MLD) of the model and the Argo observations even with high horizontal resolution of 1/32°, the mean error of the simulated mid-latitude summer MLD is reduced from -4.8 m in numerical experiment without Bv to -0.6 m in experiment with Bv. With the global tide is included, the global distributions of internal tide can be explicitly simulated in this new model and is comparable to the satellite observations. Comparisons using Jason3 along-track sea surface height (SSH) wave-number spectral slopes of mesoscale ranges show that internal tide induced SSH undulations is a key factor contributing to the substantially improved agreement of model and satellite observations in the low latitude and low EKE regions. For ocean model community, surface wave, tidal current and ocean circulation have been separating into different streams for more than half century. It should be the time to merge these streams for new generation ocean model development.
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