Submitted as: development and technical paper
09 Sep 2022
Submitted as: development and technical paper |  | 09 Sep 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

Neural networks for data assimilation of surface and upper-air data in Rio de Janeiro

Vinícius Albuquerque de Almeida, Haroldo Fraga de Campos Velho, Gutemberg Borges França, and Nelson Francisco Favilla Ebecken

Abstract. The practical feasibility of neural networks models for data assimilation using local observations data in the WRF model for the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan region in Brazil is evaluated. Surface and multi-level variables retrieved from airport meteorological stations are used: air temperature, relative humidity, and wind (speed and direction). Also, 6-hour forecast from WRF high-resolution simulations are used – domain centered in the Rio de Janeiro city with nested grids of 8 and 2.6 km. Periods of 168 h from 2015–2019 are used with 6 h and 12 h assimilation cycles for surface and upper-air data, respectively, applied to 6-hour forecast fields. The observed data (interpolated to grid points close to airport locations and influence computed in its surroundings) and short-range forecasts are used as input for training model and the 3D-Var analysis on 6-hour forecast fields for each grid point is used as target variable. The neural network models are built using two different approaches: WEKA mul- tilayer perceptron model and TensorFlow’s deep learning implementation. The year of 2019 is used as an independent dataset for forecast validation from the trained models. Results employing 6-hour forecast fields with neural network models are able to emulate the 3D-Var results for surface and multi-level variables, with better results for the NN-TensoFlow implementation. The main result refers to CPU time reduction enabled by the neural networks models, reducing the data assimilation CPU-time by 121 times and 25 times for NN-TensorFlow and NN-WEKA, respectively, in comparison to the 3D-Var method under the same hardware configurations.

Vinícius Albuquerque de Almeida et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CEC1: 'Comment on gmd-2022-50', Juan Antonio Añel, 25 Oct 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on CEC1', Vinícius Almeida, 31 Dec 2022
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2022-50', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Nov 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Vinícius Almeida, 12 Jan 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2022-50', Anonymous Referee #2, 03 Jan 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Vinícius Almeida, 12 Jan 2023

Vinícius Albuquerque de Almeida et al.

Vinícius Albuquerque de Almeida et al.


Total article views: 745 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
574 150 21 745 7 4
  • HTML: 574
  • PDF: 150
  • XML: 21
  • Total: 745
  • BibTeX: 7
  • EndNote: 4
Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2022)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2022)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 688 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 688 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 25 Mar 2023
Short summary
The paper focuses on data assimilation for the WRF model by employing neural network. The applied supervised ML technique was designed to emulate the 3D-Var in a regional atmospheric model. The proposed technique has the potential to significantly reduce the computational effort of data assimilation. Indeed, in the worked example the neural network scheme was more 70 times faster than 3D-Var method, with similar quality for the analysis.