Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 185–191, 2012

Special issue: Climate model simulations of the last millennium

Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 185–191, 2012

Model experiment description paper 30 Jan 2012

Model experiment description paper | 30 Jan 2012

Climate forcing reconstructions for use in PMIP simulations of the Last Millennium (v1.1)

G. A. Schmidt1, J. H. Jungclaus2, C. M. Ammann3, E. Bard4, P. Braconnot5, T. J. Crowley6, G. Delaygue7, F. Joos8,9, N. A. Krivova10, R. Muscheler11, B. L. Otto-Bliesner3, J. Pongratz12, D. T. Shindell1, S. K. Solanki10,13, F. Steinhilber14, and L. E. A. Vieira15 G. A. Schmidt et al.
  • 1NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, New York, USA
  • 2Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstrasse 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
  • 3National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • 4Université Aix-Marseille III/CNRS/IRD/Collège de France, CEREGE, Europôle de l'Arbois, BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
  • 5Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif Sur Yvette, France
  • 6School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • 7Université Joseph Fourier-Grenoble I/CNRS, LGGE, 54 rue Molière, St-Martin-d'Hères, France
  • 8Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
  • 9Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
  • 10Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
  • 11Department of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, 22362 Lund, Sweden
  • 12Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Global Ecology, 260 Panama St., Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  • 13School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi 446-701, Korea
  • 14Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, EAWAG, 8600 Dübendorf, Überlandstrasse 133, Switzerland
  • 15Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace and Université d'Orléans, 3A, Avenue de la Recherche, 45071 Orléans cedex 2, France

Abstract. We update the forcings for the PMIP3 experiments for the Last Millennium to include new assessments of historical land use changes and discuss new suggestions for calibrating solar activity proxies to total solar irradiance.