Articles | Volume 16, issue 16
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-4853-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-16-4853-2023
Model experiment description paper
 | 
28 Aug 2023
Model experiment description paper |  | 28 Aug 2023

ModE-Sim – a medium-sized atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) ensemble to study climate variability during the modern era (1420 to 2009)

Ralf Hand, Eric Samakinwa, Laura Lipfert, and Stefan Brönnimann

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Cited articles

Becker, A., Finger, P., Meyer-Christoffer, A., Rudolf, B., Schamm, K., Schneider, U., and Ziese, M.: A description of the global land-surface precipitation data products of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre with sample applications including centennial (trend) analysis from 1901–present, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 71–99, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-5-71-2013, 2013. a
Bhend, J., Franke, J., Folini, D., Wild, M., and Brönnimann, S.: An ensemble-based approach to climate reconstructions, Clim. Past, 8, 963–976, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-963-2012, 2012. a
Bittner, M., Timmreck, C., Schmidt, H., Toohey, M., and Krüger, K.: The impact of wave-mean flow interaction on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex after tropical volcanic eruptions, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 5281–5297, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD024603, 2016. a
Brönnimann, S.: Impact of El Niño–Southern Oscillation on European climate, Rev. Geophys., 45, RG3003, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006RG000199, 2007. a
Christiansen, B.: Volcanic Eruptions, Large-Scale Modes in the Northern Hemisphere, and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation, J. Climate, 21, 910–922, https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1657.1, 2008. a
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Short summary
ModE-Sim is an ensemble of simulations with an atmosphere model. It uses observed sea surface temperatures, sea ice conditions, and volcanic aerosols for 1420 to 2009 as model input while accounting for uncertainties in these conditions. This generates several representations of the possible climate given these preconditions. Such a setup can be useful to understand the mechanisms that contribute to climate variability. This paper describes the setup of ModE-Sim and evaluates its performance.