Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2843–2866, 2021
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2843–2866, 2021

Model description paper 20 May 2021

Model description paper | 20 May 2021

TransEBM v. 1.0: description, tuning, and validation of a transient model of the Earth's energy balance in two dimensions

Elisa Ziegler and Kira Rehfeld

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Cited articles

Abe-Ouchi, A., Saito, F., Kawamura, K., Raymo, M. E., Okuno, J., Takahashi, K., and Blatter, H.: Insolation-driven 100,000-year glacial cycles and hysteresis of ice-sheet volume, Nature, 500, 190–193,, 2013. a
Andres, H. J. and Tarasov, L.: Towards understanding potential atmospheric contributions to abrupt climate changes: characterizing changes to the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet over the last deglaciation, Clim. Past, 15, 1621–1646,, 2019. a
Arrhenius, S.: On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground, Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 41, 237–276, 1896. a, b
Bathiany, S., Dijkstra, H., Crucifix, M., Dakos, V., Brovkin, V., Williamson, M. S., Lenton, T. M., and Scheffer, M.: Beyond bifurcation: using complex models to understand and predict abrupt climate change, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System,, 2016. a, b
Berger, A. L.: Long-Term Variations of Daily Insolation and Quaternary Climatic Changes, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2362–2367,<2362:LTVODI>2.0.CO;2, 1978. a, b, c, d
Short summary
Past climate changes are the only record of how the climate responds to changes in conditions on Earth, but simulations with complex climate models are challenging. We extended a simple climate model such that it simulates the development of temperatures over time. In the model, changes in carbon dioxide and ice distribution affect the simulated temperatures the most. The model is very efficient and can therefore be used to examine past climate changes happening over long periods of time.