Nonparametric-based estimation method for river cross-sections with point cloud data from UAV photography URiver-X version 1.0 -methodology development
Abstract. Aerial surveying with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has been popularly employed in river management and flood monitoring. One of the major processes in UAV aerial surveying for river applications is to demarcate the cross-section of a river. From the photo images of aerial surveying, a point cloud dataset can be abstracted with the structure from motion (SfM) technique. To accurately demarcate the cross-section from the cloud points, an appropriate delineation technique is required to reproduce the characteristics of natural and manmade channels, including abrupt changes, bumps, and lined shapes, even though the basic shape of natural and manmade channels is a trapezoidal shape. Therefore, a nonparametric-based estimation technique, called the K-nearest neighbor local linear regression (KLR) model, was tested in the current study to demarcate the cross-section of a river with a point cloud dataset from aerial surveying. The proposed technique was tested with a simulated dataset based on trapezoidal channels and compared with the traditional polynomial regression model and another nonparametric technique, locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS). Furthermore, the KLR model was applied to a real case study in the Migok-cheon stream, South Korea. The results indicate that the proposed KLR model can be a suitable alternative for demarcating the cross-section of a river with point cloud data from UAV aerial surveying by reproducing the critical characteristics of natural and manmade channels, including abrupt changes and small bumps, as well as the overall trapezoidal shape.
Model code and software
URiver-X ver1 Matlab Code http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xdw4cgnvhm.1
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