Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Abstract. Quantifying the uncertainty of inversion-derived fluxes and attributing the uncertainty to errors in either flux or transport continue to be challenges in the characterization of surface sources and sinks of carbon dioxide (CO2). It is also not clear if fluxes inferred in a coarse-resolution global system will remain optimal in a higher-resolution modeling environment. Here we present an off-line coupling of the mesoscale Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to optimized biogenic CO2 fluxes and mole fractions from the global Carbon Monitoring System inversion system (CMS-Flux). The coupling framework consists of methods to constrain the mass of CO2 introduced into WRF, effectively nesting our North American domain within the global model. We test the coupling by simulating Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) column-averaged dry-air mole fractions (XCO2) over North American for 2010. We find mean model-model differences in summer of ~ 0.12 ppm. While 85 % of the XCO2 values are due to long-range transport from outside our North American domain, most of the model-model differences appear to be due to transport differences in the fraction of the troposphere below 850 hPa. The framework methods can be used to couple other global model inversion results to WRF for further study using different boundary layer and transport parameterizations.
How to cite. Butler, M. P., Lauvaux, T., Feng, S., Liu, J., Bowman, K. W., and Davis, K. J.: Mass-conserving coupling of total column CO2 (XCO2) from global to mesoscale models: Case study with CMS-Flux inversion system and WRF-Chem (v3.6.1), Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2018-342, 2019.
Received: 28 Dec 2018 – Discussion started: 01 Feb 2019
This paper describes a mass-conserving framework for computing time-varying lateral boundary conditions from global model carbon dioxide concentrations for introduction into the WRF-Chem regional model. The goal is to create a laboratory environment in which carbon dioxide transport uncertainties may be explored separately from inversion-derived flux uncertainties. The software is currently available on GitHub at https://github.com/psu-inversion/WRF_Boundary_Coupling.
This paper describes a mass-conserving framework for computing time-varying lateral boundary...