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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2017-40
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2017-40
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Submitted as: development and technical paper 13 Mar 2017

Submitted as: development and technical paper | 13 Mar 2017

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This preprint was under review for the journal GMD but the revision was not accepted.

Neodymium isotopes in the ocean model of the Community Earth System Model (CESM1.3)

Sifan Gu1, Zhengyu Liu1, Alexandra Jahn2, Johannes Rempfer3, Jiaxu Zhang1, and Fortunat Joos3 Sifan Gu et al.
  • 1Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Center for Climate Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, 53705, USA
  • 2Department for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institude of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, 80309, USA
  • 3Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute and Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern, CH-3012, Switzerland

Abstract. Neodymium (Nd) isotope ratio (εNd) is a quasi-conservative water mass tracer and has been used increasingly as paleoclimate proxy to indicate the past evolution of ocean circulation. However, there are many uncertainties in interpreting εNd reconstructions. For the purposes of direct comparison between climate models and proxy reconstructions, we implement Nd isotopes (143Nd and 144Nd) in the ocean model of the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Two versions of Nd tracers are implemented: one is the "abiotic" Nd in which the particle fields are prescribed as the particle climatology generated by the marine ecosystem module of the CESM under present day forcing; the other is the "biotic" Nd that is coupled with the marine ecosystem module. Under present day climate forcing, our model is able to simulate both Nd concentrations and εNd in good agreement with available observations. Also, Nd concentration and εNd in our model show similar sensitivities to the total boundary source and the ratio between particle related Nd and dissolved Nd as in previous modeling study (Rempfer et al., 2011). Therefore, our Nd-enabled ocean model provides a promising tool to study past changes in ocean and climate.

Sifan Gu et al.

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Sifan Gu et al.

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Short summary
This paper is the documentation of the implementation of neodymium (Nd) isotopes in the ocean model of CESM. Our model can simulate both Nd concentration and Nd isotope ratio in good agreement with observations. Our Nd-enabled ocean model makes it possible for direct model-data comparison in paleoceanographic studies, which can help to resolve some uncertainties and controversies in our understanding of past ocean evolution. Therefore, our model provides a useful tool for paleoclimate studies.
This paper is the documentation of the implementation of neodymium (Nd) isotopes in the ocean...
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