Articles | Volume 8, issue 3
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 893–910, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-893-2015
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 893–910, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-893-2015

Development and technical paper 31 Mar 2015

Development and technical paper | 31 Mar 2015

Modelling atmospheric dry deposition in urban areas using an urban canopy approach

N. Cherin, Y. Roustan, L. Musson-Genon, and C. Seigneur N. Cherin et al.
  • CEREA, Joint Laboratory École des Ponts ParisTech and EDF R&D, Université Paris-Est, 77455 Marne-la-Vallée, France

Abstract. Atmospheric dry deposition is typically modelled using an average roughness length, which depends on land use. This classical roughness-length approach cannot account for the spatial variability of dry deposition in complex settings such as urban areas. Urban canopy models have been developed to parametrise momentum and heat transfer. We extend this approach here to mass transfer, and a new dry deposition model based on the urban canyon concept is presented. It uses a local mixing-length parametrisation of turbulence within the canopy, and a description of the urban canopy via key parameters to provide spatially distributed dry deposition fluxes. Three different flow regimes are distinguished in the urban canyon depending on the height-to-width ratio of built areas: isolated roughness flow, wake interference flow and skimming flow. Differences between the classical roughness-length model and the model developed here are investigated. Sensitivity to key parameters are discussed. This approach provides spatially distributed dry deposition fluxes that depend on surfaces (streets, walls, roofs) and flow regimes (recirculation and ventilation) within the urban area.

Download
Short summary
Atmospheric dry deposition is classically modelled using an average roughness length. This approach cannot account for the spatial variability of dry deposition in urban areas. We extend here the urban canyon concept, previously introduced to parametrise momentum and heat transfer to mass transfer. This approach provides spatially distributed dry deposition fluxes that depend on surfaces (streets, walls, roofs) and flow regimes (recirculation and ventilation) within the urban area.