Submitted as: model description paper 12 Jul 2021

Submitted as: model description paper | 12 Jul 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

The Flexible Modelling Framework for the Met Office Unified Model (Flex-UM, part of the UM 12.1 release)

Penelope Maher1 and Paul Earnshaw2 Penelope Maher and Paul Earnshaw
  • 1Department of Mathematics, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • 2Met Office, Exeter, UK

Abstract. The Met Office Unified Model (UM) is a world-leading atmospheric weather and climate model. In addition to comprehensive simulations of the atmosphere, the UM is capable of running idealised simulations, such as the dry physics Held–Suarez test case, radiative convective equilibrium and simulating planetary atmospheres other than Earth. However, there is a disconnect between the simplicity of the idealised UM model configurations and the full complexity of the UM. This gap inhibits the broad use of climate model hierarchy approaches within the UM. To fill this gap, we have developed the Flexible modelling framework of the UM – Flex-UM – which broadens the climate model hierarchy capabilities within the UM. Flex-UM was designed to replicate the atmospheric physics of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (GFDL) idealised moist physics aquaplanet model. New parameterisations have been implemented in Flex-UM, including simplified schemes for: convection, large-scale precipitation, radiation, boundary layer and sea surface temperature (SST) boundary conditions. These idealised parameterisations have been implemented in a modular way, so that each scheme is available for use in any model configuration. This has the advantage that we can incrementally add or remove complexity within the model hierarchy. We compare Flex-UM to ERA5 and aquaplanet simulations using the Isca climate modelling framework (based on the GFDL moist physics aquaplanet model) and comprehensive simulations of the UM (using the GA7.0 configuration). We also use two SST boundary conditions to compare the models (fixed SST and a slab ocean). We find the Flex-UM climatologies are similar to both Isca and GA7.0 (though Flex-UM is generally a little cooler, with higher relative humidity, and a less pronounced storm track). Flex-UM has a single InterTropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in the slab ocean simulation but a double-ITCZ in the fixed SST simulation. Further work is needed to ensure that the atmospheric energy budget closes to within 1–2 W m−2 , as the current configuration of Flex-UM gains 9–11 W m−2 (the range covers the two SST boundary conditions). Flex-UM greatly extends the modelling hierarchy capabilities of the UM and offers a simplified framework for developing, testing and evaluating parameterisations within the UM.

Penelope Maher and Paul Earnshaw

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2021-193', Anonymous Referee #1, 09 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2021-193', Anonymous Referee #2, 27 Sep 2021

Penelope Maher and Paul Earnshaw

Penelope Maher and Paul Earnshaw


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Short summary
Climate models do a pretty good job. But they are far from perfect. Fixing these imperfections is really hard because the models are complicated. One way to make progress is to create simpler models, think impressionism rather than realism in the art world. We changed the Met Office model to be intentionally simple and it still does a pretty good job. This will help to identify sources of model imperfections, develop new methods, and improve our understanding of how the climate works.