Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2024-3
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2024-3
Submitted as: development and technical paper
 | 
27 Feb 2024
Submitted as: development and technical paper |  | 27 Feb 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

An Updated Parameterization of the Unstable Atmospheric Surface Layer in WRF Modeling System

Prabhakar Namdev, Maithili Sharan, Piyush Srivastava, and Saroj Kanta Mishra

Abstract. Accurate parameterization of atmospheric surface layer processes is crucial for weather forecasts using numerical weather prediction models. Here, an attempt has been made to improve the surface layer parameterization in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRFv4.2.2) by implementing similarity functions proposed by Kader and Yaglom (1990) to make it consistent in producing the transfer coefficient for momentum observed over tropical region (Srivastava and Sharan 2015). The surface layer module in WRFv4.2.2 is modified in such a way that it contains all commonly used φm and φh under convective conditions instead of the existing single functional form. The updated module has various alternatives of φm and φh, which can be controlled by a flag introduced in the input file. The impacts of utilizing different functional forms have been evaluated using the bulk flux algorithm as well as real-case simulations with the WRFv4.2.2 model. The model-simulated variables have been evaluated with observational data from a flux tower at Ranchi (23.412N, 85.440E; India) and the ERA5-Land reanalysis dataset. The transfer coefficient for momentum simulated using the implemented scheme is found to agree well with its observed non-monotonic behaviour in convective conditions (Srivastava and Sharan 2022). The study suggests that the updated surface layer scheme performs well in simulating the surface transfer coefficients and could be potentially utilized for parameterization of surface fluxes in the numerical weather prediction model.

Prabhakar Namdev, Maithili Sharan, Piyush Srivastava, and Saroj Kanta Mishra

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2024-3', Christof Lüpkes, 12 Mar 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2024-3', Anonymous Referee #2, 17 Apr 2024
Prabhakar Namdev, Maithili Sharan, Piyush Srivastava, and Saroj Kanta Mishra
Prabhakar Namdev, Maithili Sharan, Piyush Srivastava, and Saroj Kanta Mishra

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Short summary
Inadequate representation of surface-atmosphere interaction processes is a major source of uncertainty in numerical weather prediction models. Here, an effort has been made to improve WRF model version 4.2.2 by introducing a unique theoretical framework suggested by Kader and Yaglom (1990) under convective conditions. In addition, to enhance the potential applicability of WRF modeling system, various commonly used similarity functions under convective conditions have also been incorporated.