Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2023-85
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2023-85
Submitted as: model description paper
 | 
08 Aug 2023
Submitted as: model description paper |  | 08 Aug 2023
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal GMD and is expected to appear here in due course.

3D geological modelling of igneous intrusions in LoopStructural v1.5.10

Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, Laurent Ailleres, Lachlan Grose, Alexander R. Cruden, and Robin Armit

Abstract. Over the last two decades, there have been significant advances to improve the 3D modelling of geological structures by incorporating geological knowledge into the model algorithms. These methods take advantage of different structural data types and do not require manual processing, making them robust and objective. Igneous intrusions have received little attention in 3D modelling workflows, and there is no current method that ensures the reproduction of intrusion shapes comparable to those mapped in the field or in geophysical imagery. Intrusions are usually partly or totally covered, making the generation of realistic 3D models challenging without the modeller's intervention. In this contribution, we present a method to 3D model igneous intrusions considering geometric constraints consistent with emplacement mechanisms. Contact data and inflation and propagation direction are used to constrain the geometry of the intrusion. Conceptual models of the intrusion contact are fitted to the data, providing a characterisation of the intrusion thickness and width. The method is tested in synthetic and real-world case studies and the results indicate that the method can reproduce expected geometries without manual processing and with restricted datasets. A comparison with Radial Basis Function (RBF) interpolation shows that our method can better reproduce complex geometries such as saucer-shaped sill complexes.

Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, Laurent Ailleres, Lachlan Grose, Alexander R. Cruden, and Robin Armit

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-85', Anonymous Referee #1, 28 Aug 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 06 Oct 2023
      • RC2: 'Reply on AC1', Anonymous Referee #1, 10 Oct 2023
        • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 25 Oct 2023
  • RC3: 'Comment on gmd-2023-85', Gautier Laurent, 15 Nov 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 21 Nov 2023

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-85', Anonymous Referee #1, 28 Aug 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 06 Oct 2023
      • RC2: 'Reply on AC1', Anonymous Referee #1, 10 Oct 2023
        • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 25 Oct 2023
  • RC3: 'Comment on gmd-2023-85', Gautier Laurent, 15 Nov 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, 21 Nov 2023
Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, Laurent Ailleres, Lachlan Grose, Alexander R. Cruden, and Robin Armit

Data sets

Case studies 1,2, 3 and 4 datasets and Jupyter notebooks Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, Laurent Ailleres, Lachlan Grose, Sandy Cruden, Robin Armit https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8189191

Model code and software

LoopStructural Lachlan Grose, Laurent Ailleres, Gautier Laurent, Roy Thomson, Yohan de Rose https://zenodo.org/record/7734926

Fernanda Alvarado-Neves, Laurent Ailleres, Lachlan Grose, Alexander R. Cruden, and Robin Armit

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Short summary
Previous work have demonstrated how adding geological knowledge to modelling methods create more accurate and reliable models. Following this reasoning, we added constraints from magma emplacement mechanisms into existing modelling frameworks to improve the 3D characterisation of igneous intrusions. We test the method in synthetic and real-world case studies, and the results show that our method can reproduce intrusion morphologies with no manual processing and using realistic datasets.