Submitted as: model evaluation paper
30 May 2023
Submitted as: model evaluation paper |  | 30 May 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

Analysis of GEFS-Aerosols annual budget to better understand the aerosol predictions simulated in the model

Li Pan, Partha S. Bhattacharjee, Li Zhang, Raffaele Montuoro, Barry Baker, Jeff McQueen, Georg A. Grell, Stuart A. McKeen, Shobha Kondragunta, Xiaoyang Zhang, Gregory J. Frost, Fanglin Yang, and Ivanka Stajner

Abstract. In September 2020, a global aerosol forecasting model was implemented as an ensemble member of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Ensemble Forecasting System (GEFS) v12.0.1 (hereafter referred to as “GEFS-Aerosols”). In this study, GEFS-Aerosols simulation results from September 1, 2019 to September 30, 2020 were evaluated using an aerosol budget analysis. These results were compared with results from other global models as well as reanalysis data. From this analysis, the global average lifetimes of black carbon (BC), organic carbon (OC), dust, sea salt, and sulfate are 4.06, 4.29, 4.59, 0.34 and 3.3 days, respectively, with the annual average loads of 0.135, 1.29, 4.52, 6.80 and 0.50 TG. Compared to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s Goddard Earth Observing System-Goddard Chemistry Aerosol and Radiation Transport Model (GEOS4-GOCART), the aerosols in GEFS-Aerosols have a relatively short lifetime because of the faster removal processes in GEFS-Aerosols. Meanwhile, in GEFS-Aerosols, aerosol emissions are the determining factor for the mass and composition of aerosols in the atmosphere. The size (bin) distribution of aerosol emissions is as important as its total emissions, especially in simulations of dust and sea salt. Also most importantly, the strong monthly and interannually variations in natural sources of aerosols in GEFS-Aerosols suggests that improving the accuracy of prognostic concentrations of aerosols is important for applying aerosol feedback to weather and climate predictions.

Li Pan et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-61', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jun 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2023-61', Anonymous Referee #2, 01 Aug 2023

Li Pan et al.

Li Pan et al.


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Short summary
A GEFS-Aerosols simulation was conducted from September 1, 2019 to September 30, 2020 to evaluate the model performance of GEFS-Aerosols. The purpose of this study was to understand how aerosol chemical and physical processes affect ambient aerosol concentrations by placing aerosol wet deposition, dry deposition, reactions, gravitational deposition, and emissions into the aerosol mass balance equation.