Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2023-235
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2023-235
Submitted as: model experiment description paper
 | 
18 Dec 2023
Submitted as: model experiment description paper |  | 18 Dec 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

RCEMIP-II: Mock-Walker Simulations as Phase II of the Radiative-Convective Equilibrium Model Intercomparison Project

Allison A. Wing, Levi G. Silvers, and Kevin A. Reed

Abstract. The Radiative-Convective Equilibrium (RCE) Model Intercomparison Project (RCEMIP) leveraged the simplicity of RCE to focus attention on moist convective processes and their interactions with radiation and circulation across a wide range of model types including cloud-resolving models (CRMs), general circulation models (GCMs), single column models, global cloud-resolving models, and large eddy simulations. While several robust results emerged across the spectrum of models that participated in the first phase of RCEMIP (RCEMIP-I), two points that stand out are (1) the strikingly large diversity in simulated climate states and (2) the strong imprint of convective self-aggregation on the climate state. However, the lack of consensus in the structure of self-aggregation and its response to warming is a barrier to understanding. Gaining a deeper understanding of convective aggregation and tropical climate will require reducing the degrees of freedom with which convection can vary. Therefore, we propose a Phase II of RCEMIP (RCEMIP-II) that utilizes a prescribed sinusoidal sea surface temperature (SST) pattern to provide a constraint on the structure of convection and move one critical step up the model hierarchy. This so-called "mock-Walker" configuration generates features that resemble observed tropical circulations. The specification of the mock-Walker protocol for RCEMIP-II is described, along with example results from one CRM and one GCM. RCEMIP-II will consist of five simulations covering the three mean SST's as in RCEMIP-I but imposing three different SST gradients. We also test the sensitivity to the imposed SST gradient and the domain size. Under weak SST gradients, unforced self-aggregation emerges across the entire domain but as the SST gradient increases, the convective region narrows and is confined to the warmest SSTs. At warmer mean SSTs and stronger SST gradients, low-frequency variability of the convective aggregation emerges, suggesting that simulations of at least 200 days may be needed to achieve robust equilibrium statistics in this configuration. Simulations with different domain sizes generally have similar mean statistics and convective structures, depending on the value of the SST gradient. The prescribed SST boundary condition is the only difference in the set-up between RCEMIP-II and RCEMIP-I, which enables comparison between the two. However, we also welcome participation in RCEMIP-II from models that did not participate in RCEMIP-I.

Allison A. Wing, Levi G. Silvers, and Kevin A. Reed

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CEC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-235', Juan Antonio Añel, 20 Dec 2023
    • EC1: 'Reply on CEC1', Travis O'Brien, 20 Dec 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on CEC1', Allison Wing, 20 Dec 2023
      • CEC2: 'Reply on AC1', Juan Antonio Añel, 21 Dec 2023
        • AC2: 'Reply on CEC2', Allison Wing, 21 Dec 2023
          • CEC3: 'Reply on AC2', Juan Antonio Añel, 22 Dec 2023
  • CC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-235', Peter Bogenschutz, 17 Jan 2024
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Allison Wing, 18 Jan 2024
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2023-235', Anonymous Referee #1, 23 Jan 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC1', Allison Wing, 07 Feb 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2023-235', Anonymous Referee #2, 24 Jan 2024
    • AC5: 'Reply on RC2', Allison Wing, 07 Feb 2024
  • EC2: 'Editor Comment on gmd-2023-235', Travis O'Brien, 30 Jan 2024
    • EC3: 'Reply on EC2', Travis O'Brien, 30 Jan 2024
      • AC6: 'Reply on EC3', Allison Wing, 07 Feb 2024
    • CC2: 'Reply on EC2', Levi Silvers, 02 Feb 2024
Allison A. Wing, Levi G. Silvers, and Kevin A. Reed

Data sets

Code and data for RCEMIP-II: Mock-Walker Simulations as Phase II of the Radiative-Convective Equilibrium Model Intercomparison Project Allison A. Wing, Levi G. Silvers, and Kevin A. Reed https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10137266

Model code and software

SAM6.11.2 Marat Khairoutdinov http://rossby.msrc.sunysb.edu/~marat/SAM/sam6.11.2_AWing.tar.gz

CESM 2.1.3 Earth System Community Modeling Portal https://github.com/ESCOMP/CESM/releases/tag/release-cesm2.1.3

RCEMIP-II code repository Allison A. Wing https://github.com/allison-wing/RCEMIP-II

Allison A. Wing, Levi G. Silvers, and Kevin A. Reed

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Short summary
This paper presents the experiment design for a model intercomparison project to study tropical clouds and climate. It is a follow-up from a prior project that used a simplified framework for tropical climate. The new project adds one new component – a specified pattern of sea surface temperatures as the lower boundary condition. We provide example results from one cloud-resolving model and one global climate model and test the sensitivity to the experimental parameters.