Submitted as: development and technical paper
22 Aug 2023
Submitted as: development and technical paper |  | 22 Aug 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

GEO4PALM v1.1: an open-source geospatial data processing toolkit for the PALM model system

Dongqi Lin, Jiawei Zhang, Basit Khan, Marwan Katurji, and Laura E. Revell

Abstract. A geospatial data processing tool, GEO4PALM, has been developed to generate geospatial static input for the Parallelised Large Eddy Simulation (PALM) model system. PALM is a community-driven large eddy simulation model used for atmospheric and environmental research. Throughout PALM’s 20-year development, research interests have been increasing in its application in realistic conditions, especially for urban areas. For such applications, geospatial static input is essential. Although abundant geospatial data are accessible worldwide, currently, no tools are available in the community to automatically generate PALM’s geospatial static input for most areas of the world. In addition, geospatial data availability and quality are highly variable and inconsistent. Therefore, PALM users face significant challenges, particularly regarding data acquisition, data pre-processing, and conversion of all information and metadata into PALM Input Data Standard (PIDS). This paper presents and describes a free and open-source tool, GEO4PALM, to help users generate the PALM static input with a simple and standardized process. GEO4PALM is compatible with geospatial data obtained from any source provided that the data sets comply with common geo-information formats. Users can either provide existing geospatial data sets or use the embedded data interfaces to download geo-information data from free online sources for any global geographic area of interest. All online data sets incorporated in GEO4PALM are globally available with several data sets having the finest resolution of 1 m. Two application examples are presented to demonstrate successful PALM simulations driven by geospatial input generated by GEO4PALM using different geospatial data sources for Berlin, Germany and Christchurch, New Zealand. GEO4PALM provides an easy and efficient way for PALM users to configure and conduct PALM simulations for applications and investigations such as urban heat island effects, air pollution dispersion, renewable energy resourcing, and weather-related hazard forecasting.

Dongqi Lin et al.

Status: open (until 17 Oct 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Dongqi Lin et al.


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Short summary
GEO4PALM is an open-source tool to generate static input for the Parallelised Large Eddy Simulation (PALM) model system. Geospatial static input is essential for realistic PALM simulations. However, existing tools fail to generate PALM's geospatial static input for most regions. GEO4PALM is compatible with diverse geospatial data sources and provides access to free data sets. In addition, this paper presents two application examples, which show successful PALM simulations using GEO4PALM.