Submitted as: model experiment description paper 02 Nov 2021

Submitted as: model experiment description paper | 02 Nov 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

Description of historical and future projection simulations by the global coupled E3SMv1.0 model as used in CMIP6

Xue Zheng1, Qing Li2, Tian Zhou3, Qi Tang1, Luke P. Van Roekel2, and Jean-Christophe Golaz1 Xue Zheng et al.
  • 1Cloud Processes Research and Modeling Group, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, USA
  • 2Fluid Dynamics and Solid Mechanics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • 3Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, USA

Abstract. This paper documents the experimental setup and general features of the coupled historical and future climate simulations with the first version of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SMv1.0). The future projected climate characteristics of E3SMv1.0 at the highest emission scenario (SSP5-8.5) designed in the Scenario Model Intercomparison Project (ScenarioMIP) and the SSP5-8.5 greenhouse gas (GHG) only forcing experiment are analyzed with a focus on regional responses of atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice, and land.

Due to its high climate sensitivity, E3SMv1.0 is one of the CMIP6 models with the largest surface warming by the end of the 21st century under the high-emission SSP5-8.5 scenario. The global mean precipitation change is highly correlated to the global temperature change, while the spatial pattern of the change in runoff responds to the precipitation changes. The oceanic mixed layer generally shoals throughout the global ocean. The sea ice, especially in the Northern Hemisphere, rapidly decreases with large seasonal variability. The annual mean AMOC is overly weak with a slower change relative to other CMIP6 models. We detect a significant polar amplification in E3SMv1.0 from the atmosphere, ocean, and sea ice.

Comparing the SSP5-8.5 all-forcing experiment with the GHG-only experiment, we find that the unmasking of the aerosol effects due to the decline of the aerosol loading in the future projection period causes accelerated warming in SSP5-8.5 all-forcing experiment. While the oceanic climate response is mainly controlled by the GHG forcing, the land runoff response is impacted primarily by forcings other than GHG over certain regions. However, the importance of the GHG forcing on the land runoff changes grows in the future climate projection period compared to the historical period.

Xue Zheng et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on gmd-2021-312', Anonymous Referee #1, 18 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2021-312', Anonymous Referee #2, 25 Nov 2021

Xue Zheng et al.

Xue Zheng et al.


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Short summary
We document the model experiments for the future climate projection by E3SMv1.0. At the highest emission future scenario, E3SMv1.0 projects a strong surface warming with rapid changes in the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land runoff. Specifically, we detect a significant polar amplification and accelerated warming linked to the unmasking of the aerosol effects. The impact of greenhouse gas forcing is examined in different climate components.