Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2021-294
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2021-294

Submitted as: model evaluation paper 15 Sep 2021

Submitted as: model evaluation paper | 15 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

Extreme Events Representation in CMCC-CM2 High and Very-High Resolution General Circulation Models

Enrico Scoccimarro1, Daniele Peano1, Silvio Gualdi1, Alessio Bellucci2, Tomas Lovato1, Pier Giuseppe Fogli1, and Antonio Navarra1 Enrico Scoccimarro et al.
  • 1Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy
  • 2Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy, currently at Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima, Bologna, Italy

Abstract. The recent advancements in climate modelling partially build on the improvement of horizontal resolution in different components of the simulating system. A higher resolution is expected to provide a better representation of the climate variability, and in this work we are particularly interested in the potential improvements in representing extreme events of high temperature and precipitation. The two versions of the CMCC-CM2 model used here, adopt the highest horizontal resolutions available within the last family of the global coupled climate models de¬veloped at CMCC to participate in the CMIP6 effort.

The main aim of this study is to document the ability of the CMCC-CM2 models in representing the spatial distribution of extreme events of temperature and precipitation, under the historical period, comparing model results to observations (ERA5 Reanalysis and CHIRPS observations). For a more detailed evaluation we investigate both 6 hourly and daily time series for the definition of the extreme conditions. In terms of mean climate, the two models are able to realistically reproduce the main patterns of temperature and precipitation. The very-high resolution version (¼ degree horizontal resolution) of the atmospheric model provides better results than the high resolution one (one degree), not only in terms of means but also in terms of extreme events of temperature defined at daily and 6-hourly frequency. This is also the case of average precipitation. On the other hand the extreme precipitation is not improved by the adoption of a higher horizontal resolution.

Enrico Scoccimarro et al.

Status: open (until 10 Nov 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Enrico Scoccimarro et al.

Enrico Scoccimarro et al.

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Short summary
We here evaluate the ability of the CMCC-CM2 climate model participating to the last Coupled Model Intercomparison Project effort, providing climate simulations for the last IPCC assessment report (AR6), in representing extreme events of precipitation and temperature. The 1/4 degree resolution version of the atmospheric model provides better results than the high resolution one (one degree) for temperature extremes. This is not the case of precipitation extremes.