Effect of Horizontal Resolution on the Simulation of Tropical Cyclones in the Chinese Academy of Sciences FGOALS-f3 Climate System Model
- 1State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
- 2State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
- 3Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Guangzhou 511458, China
- 4School of Atmospheric Sciences/Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China
- 5University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
- 6School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
- 7Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
Abstract. The effects of horizontal resolution on the simulation of tropical cyclones were studied using the Chinese Academy of Sciences FGOALS-f3 climate system model from the High-Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP) for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6). Both the low-resolution (approximately 100 km resolution) FGOALS-f3 model (FGOALS-f3-L) and the high-resolution (approximately 25 km resolution) FGOALS-f3 (FGOALS-f3-H) model were used to achieve the standard Tier1 experiment required by the HighResMIP. FGOALS-f3-L and FGOALS-f3-H have the same model parameterizations with exactly the same parameters. The only differences between the two models are the horizontal resolution and the time step. The performance of FGOALS-f3-H and FGOALS-f3-L in simulating tropical cyclones was evaluated with the observation firstly. FGOALS-f3-H (25 km resolution) simulated more realistic distributions of the formation, movement and intensity of the climatology of tropical cyclones than FGOALS-f3-L at 100 km resolution. The seasonal cycles of the number of tropical cyclones increased by about 50 % at the higher resolution and better matched the observed values in the peak month, especially in the eastern Pacific, northern Atlantic, southern Indian and southern Pacific oceans. The simulated variabilities of the number of tropical cyclones and the accumulated cyclone energy were both significantly improved from FGOALS-f3-L to FGOALS-f3-H over most of the ocean basins on the interannual timescale. The characteristics of the tropical cyclones (e.g., the average lifetime, the wind–pressure relationship and the horizontal structure) were more realistic in the simulation using the high-resolution model. The possible physical linkage between the performance of the tropical cyclone simulation and the horizontal resolution were revealed by further analyses. The improvement in the Madden–Julian oscillation from FGOALS-f3-H contributed to the realistic simulation of tropical cyclones. The genesis potential index and the vorticity, relative humidity, maximum potential intensity and the wind shear terms were used to diagnose the effects of the resolution. The current insufficiencies and future directions of improvement for the simulation of tropical cyclones and the potential applications of the FGOALS-f3-H model in the sub-seasonal to seasonal prediction of tropical cyclones are discussed.
Jinxiao Li et al.
Status: final response (author comments only)
RC1: 'Review of "Effect of Horizontal Resolution on the Simulation of Tropical Cyclones in the Chinese Academy of Sciences FGOALS-f3 Climate System Model" by Jinxiao Li et al.', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Apr 2021
- AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Jinxiao Li, 21 Jul 2021
RC2: 'Comment on gmd-2021-19', Anonymous Referee #2, 28 May 2021
- AC1: 'Reply on RC2', Jinxiao Li, 21 Jul 2021
Jinxiao Li et al.
CMIP6.HighResMIP.CAS.FGOALS-f3-H. highresSST-present https://doi.org/10.22033/ESGF/CMIP6.3312
Model code and software
The code of FGOALS-f3 http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588109
Jinxiao Li et al.
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