Submitted as: model description paper 01 Jun 2021

Submitted as: model description paper | 01 Jun 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

Improvement of stomatal resistance and photosynthesis mechanism of Noah-MP-WDDM (v1.42) in simulation of NO2 dry deposition velocity in forests

Ming Chang1,, Jiachen Cao1,, Qi Zhang2, Weihua Chen1, Guotong Wu1, Liping Wu1, Weiwen Wang1, and Xuemei Wang1 Ming Chang et al.
  • 1Guangdong-Hongkong-Macau Joint Laboratory of Collaborative Innovation for Environmental Quality, Institute for Environmental and Climate Research, Jinan University, China
  • 2School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, China
  • These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract. The rapid urbanization and economic development of China has led to a dramatic increase in nitrogen oxide (NO2) emissions, causing serious atmospheric nitrogen pollution and relatively high levels of nitrogen deposition. However, despite the importance of nitrogen deposition, dry deposition processes in forested areas are still insufficiently represented in current global and regional atmospheric chemistry models, which constrains our understanding and prediction of spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen transport in forest ecosystems in South China. The offline 1-D community Noah land surface model with multi-parameterization options (Noah-MP) is coupled with the WRF-Chem dry deposition module (WDDM) and is applied to further understand and identify the key processes that affect forest canopy dry deposition. The canopy stomatal resistance mechanism and the nitrogen-limitings scheme for photosynthesis in Noah-MP-WDDM are modified to improve the simulation of reactive nitrogen oxide dry deposition velocity. This study finds that the combined improved stomatal resistance mechanism and nitrogen-limitings scheme for photosynthesis (BN-23) agrees better with the observed NO2 dry deposition velocity, with mean bias reduced by 50.1 %, respectively. At the same time, by comparing the different mechanisms of the two processes of canopy stoma resistance and leaf nitrogen-limiting factors, this study also finds that the diurnal changes in dry deposition velocity simulated by each regional model present four sets of distributions. This is mainly due to the different ways that each integrated mechanism handles the opening and closing of stomata at noon and the way the nitrogen-limiting factor acts.

Ming Chang et al.

Status: open (until 27 Jul 2021)

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Ming Chang et al.

Ming Chang et al.


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Short summary
Despite the importance of nitrogen deposition, its simulation still insufficiently represented in current atmospheric chemistry models. In this study, we apply different improved stomatal resistance and nitrogen-limiting on photosynthesis mechanisms to the Noah-MP-WDDM model. Our tests for Dinghushan show that Noah-MP-WDDM v1.42 now gives a better deposition velocity simulation due to modification of the canopy stomatal resistance mechanism and the nitrogen-limiting schemes for photosynthesis.