Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-40
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-40

Submitted as: development and technical paper 25 Feb 2020

Submitted as: development and technical paper | 25 Feb 2020

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal GMD and is expected to appear here in due course.

Mitigation of the double ITCZ syndrome in BCC-CSM2-MR through improving parameterizations of boundary-layer turbulence and shallow convection

Yixiong Lu1, Tongwen Wu1, Yubin Li2, and Ben Yang3,4 Yixiong Lu et al.
  • 1Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, 100081, China
  • 2School of Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
  • 3School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023, China
  • 4CMA-NJU Joint Laboratory for Climate Prediction Studies, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023, China

Abstract. The spurious double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is one of the most prominent systematic biases in coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (CGCMs), and the underestimated marine stratus over eastern subtropical oceans has been recognized as a possible contributor. Rather than modifying the cloud scheme itself, this study significantly promotes the marine stratus simulation through improving parameterizations of boundary-layer turbulence and shallow convection in the medium-resolution Beijing Climate Center Climate System Model version 2 (BCC-CSM2-MR). The University of Washington moist turbulence scheme is implemented in BCC-CSM2-MR to better represent the stratocumulus, and a decoupling criterion is also introduced to the shallow convection scheme for improving the simulation of the stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition. Results show that the simulated precipitation in the eastern Pacific south of the equator is largely reduced, alleviating the double ITCZ problem. The tropical precipitation asymmetry index increases from −0.024 in the original BCC-CSM2-MR to 0.147 in the revised BCC-CSM2-MR, which is much closer to the observation. The study suggests that improving parameterizations of boundary-layer turbulence and shallow convection is effective for mitigating the double ITCZ syndrome in CGCMs.

Yixiong Lu et al.

 
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Yixiong Lu et al.

Yixiong Lu et al.

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Short summary
The spurious precipitation in the tropical southeastern Pacific and southern Atlantic is one of the most prominent systematic biases in coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models. This study significantly promotes the marine stratus simulation and largely alleviates the excessive precipitation biases through improving parameterizations of boundary-layer turbulence and shallow convection, providing an effective solution to the long-standing bias in the tropical precipitation simulation.