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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-227
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-227
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: model description paper 02 Oct 2020

Submitted as: model description paper | 02 Oct 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

PLUME-MoM-TSM 1.0.0: A volcanic columns and umbrella cloud spreading model

Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi and Federica Pardini Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi and Federica Pardini
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Abstract. In this paper a new version of the integral model for volcanic plumes PLUME-MoM is presented. The model describes the steady-state dynamics of a plume in a 3-D coordinate system, and the two-size moment (TSM) method is adopted to describe changes in grain-size distribution along the plume, associated with particle loss from plume margins and with particle aggregation. For this reason, the new version is named PLUME-MoM-TSM. For the first time in a plume model, the full Smoluchowski coagulation equation is solved, allowing to quantify the formation of aggregates during the rise of the plume. In addition, PLUME-MOM-TSM allows to model the phase change of water, which can be either magmatic, added at the vent as liquid from external sources, or incorporated through ingestion of moist atmospheric air. Finally, the code includes the possibility to simulate the initial spreading of the umbrella cloud intruding from the volcanic column into the atmosphere. A transient shallow water system of equations models the intrusive gravity current, allowing to compute the upwind spreading.

The new model is applied first to the eruption of Calbuco volcano in southern Chile in April 2015, and then to a sensitivity analysis of the upwind spreading of the umbrella cloud to mass flow rate and meteorological conditions (wind speed and humidity). This analysis provides an analytical relationship between the upwind spreading and some characteristic of the volcanic column (height of the neutral buoyancy level and plume bending), which can be used to better link plume models and volcanic-ash transport and dispersion models.

Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi and Federica Pardini

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Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi and Federica Pardini

Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi and Federica Pardini

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Latest update: 23 Oct 2020
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Short summary
We here present PLUME-MoM-TSM, a volcanic plume model allowing to quantify the formation of aggregates during the rise of the plume, to model the phase change of water, and including the possibility to simulate the initial spreading of the tephra umbrella cloud intruding from the volcanic column into the atmosphere. The model is applied first to the 2015 Calbuco eruption (Chile), and provides an analytical relationship between the upwind spreading and some characteristic of the volcanic column.
We here present PLUME-MoM-TSM, a volcanic plume model allowing to quantify the formation of...
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