Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-134
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-134

Submitted as: model description paper 13 Jul 2020

Submitted as: model description paper | 13 Jul 2020

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal GMD and is expected to appear here in due course.

BFM17 v1.0: Reduced-Order Biogeochemical Flux Model for Upper Ocean Biophysical Simulations

Katherine M. Smith1, Skyler Kern1, Peter E. Hamlington1, Marco Zavatarelli2, Nadia Pinardi2, Emily F. Klee3, and Kyle E. Niemeyer3 Katherine M. Smith et al.
  • 1Paul M. Rady Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Bologna, IT
  • 3School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Abstract. We present a newly developed reduced-order biogeochemical flux model that is complex and flexible enough to capture open-ocean ecosystem dynamics, but reduced enough to incorporate into highly resolved numerical simulations with limited additional computational cost. The reduced-order model, which is derived from the full 56 state variable Biogeochemical Flux Model (BFM56; Vichi et al. (2007)), follows a biological and chemical functional group approach and allows for the development of critical non-Redfield nutrient ratios. Matter is expressed in units of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphate, following techniques used in more complex models. To reduce the overall computational cost and to focus on open-ocean conditions, the reduced model eliminates certain processes, such as benthic, silicate, and iron influences, and parameterizes others, such as the bacterial loop. The model explicitly tracks 17 state variables, divided into phytoplankton, zooplankton, dissolved organic matter, particulate organic matter, and nutrient groups. It is correspondingly called the Biogeochemical Flux Model 17 (BFM17). After providing a detailed description of BFM17, we couple it with the one-dimensional Princeton Ocean Model (POM) for validation using observational data from the Sargasso Sea. Results show good agreement with the observational data and with corresponding results from BFM56, including the ability to capture the subsurface chlorophyll maximum and bloom intensity. In comparison to previous reduced-order models of similar size, BFM17 provides improved correlations between model output and field data, indicating that significant improvements in the reproduction of in situ data can be achieved with a low number of variables, while maintaining the functional group approach.

Katherine M. Smith et al.

 
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Status: closed
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Katherine M. Smith et al.

Data sets

Data for "Reduced-Order Biogeochemical Flux Model for Upper Ocean Biophysical Simulations" Katherine M. Smith, Skyler Kern, Peter E. Hamlington, Marco Zavatarelli, Nadia Pinardi, Emily F. Klee, and Kyle E. Niemeyer https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3840562

Model code and software

Code for BFM17 v1.0 Katherine M. Smith, Skyler Kern, Peter E. Hamlington, Marco Zavatarelli, Nadia Pinardi, Emily F. Klee, and Kyle E. Niemeyer https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839984

Katherine M. Smith et al.

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Latest update: 11 Apr 2021
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Short summary
We present a newly developed reduced-order biogeochemical flux model that is complex and flexible enough to capture open-ocean ecosystem dynamics, but reduced enough to incorporate into highly resolved numerical simulations with limited additional computational cost. The model provides improved correlations between model output and field data, indicating that significant improvements in the reproduction of real-world data can be achieved with a small number of variables.