Submitted as: development and technical paper 09 Sep 2019

Submitted as: development and technical paper | 09 Sep 2019

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal GMD.

The Coastline Evolution Model 2D (CEM2D) V1.1

Chloe Leach1, Tom Coulthard2, Andrew Barkwith3, Daniel R. Parsons2, and Susan Manson4 Chloe Leach et al.
  • 1School of Geography, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
  • 2Department of Geography, Geology and Environmental Science, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK
  • 3British Geological Survey, Environmental Science Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG, UK
  • 4Environment Agency, Crosskill House, Mill Lane, Beverley, HU17 9JW, UK

Abstract. Coasts are among the most intensely used environments on the planet, but they also present dynamic and unique hazards including flooding and erosion. Sea level rise and changing wave climates will alter patterns of erosion and deposition, but some existing coastline evolution models are unable to simulate these effects due to their one-dimensional representation of the systems, or of sediment transport processes. In this paper, the development and application of the Coastline Evolution Model 2D (CEM2D) is presented, that incorporates these influences. The model has been developed from the established CEM model and is capable of simulating fundamental cause-effect relationships in coastal systems. The two-dimensional storage and transport of sediment in CEM2D, which is only done in one-dimension in CEM, means it is also capable of exploring the influence of a variable water level on sediment transport and the formation and evolution of morphological features and landforms at the meso-scale, from 10 to 100 years and over 10 to 100 kilometres. The model sits between one-dimensional and three-dimensional models, with the advantage of increased complexity and detail in model outputs compared to the former, but with more efficiency and less computational expense than the latter.

Chloe Leach et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Login for authors/topical editors] [Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Chloe Leach et al.

Model code and software

CEM2D_v1-1_CODE C. Leach

Chloe Leach et al.


Total article views: 759 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
469 258 32 759 46 48
  • HTML: 469
  • PDF: 258
  • XML: 32
  • Total: 759
  • BibTeX: 46
  • EndNote: 48
Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2019)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2019)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 556 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 542 with geography defined and 14 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 12 Apr 2021
Short summary
Numerical models can be used to understand how coastal systems evolve over time, including likely responses to climate change. However, many existing models aimed at simulating 10–100-year time periods do not represent a vertical dimension and therefore, are unable to include the effect of sea-level rise. The Coastline Evolution Model 2D (CEM2D) presented in this paper is an advance in this field, with the inclusion of the vertical coastal profile against which the water level can be altered.